Efferent Neurons

These include (i) motoneurons of cranial nerves V-VII and IX-XII that innervate striated muscle in the head and neck region (trigeminal motor, abducens, facial, ambiguus, and accessory nuclei), (ii) preganglionic neurons that innervate cranial parasympathetic ganglia (superior salivatory nucleus of cranial nerve VII and inferior salivatory nucleus of cranial nerve IX) and autonomic ganglia in the trunk (dorsal motor nucleus of nerve X), and (iii) cochlear and vestibular efferents from respectively the superior olive and reticular formation that innervate hair cells in the inner ear. All of these efferent populations are cholinergic.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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