affixes Grammatical word endings (e.g., ly, ing, ed).

derivational paralexia A paralexia in which the root morpheme, but not the part of speech, is retained.

functors Grammatical words, including pronouns, prepositions, articles, conjunctions, and auxiliary verbs (e.g., him, the, with, and are).

inflectional paralexia A paralexia in which the root morpheme and the part of speech are retained, but the form of the word is incorrect.

orthographic Pertaining to the letters of which a word is composed and the order in which the letters occur.

orthographic paralexia A paralexia in which the response shares at least 50% of its letters with the target word.

paralexia The incorrect production of a word in oral reading.

part of speech Syntactic classification of a word (e.g., noun, verb, adjective, adverb, and functor).

phonologic Pertaining to the pronunciation of the word.

pseudowords Pronounceable nonwords (e.g., zilt and rog).

semantic Pertaining to the word's meaning.

semantic paralexia A paralexia that consists of a real word that is related in meaning to the target word.

In this article, alexia is the term used to refer to acquired disorders of reading, subsequent to brain injury, in persons who had been literate prior to the injury. This is distinguished from dyslexia, which refers to devel opmental disorders of reading. In other texts, the term acquired dyslexia is used synonymously with alexia and is distinguished from developmental dyslexia.

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