Glossary

event-based memory system This system provides for temporary representations of incoming data concerning the present, with an emphasis on data and events that are usually personal or egocentric and that occur within specific external and internal contexts.

knowledge-based memory system This system provides for more permanent representations of previously stored information in long-term memory and can be thought of as one's general knowledge of the world.

language attribute This attribute involves memory representations of phonological, lexical, morphological, syntactical, and semantic information.

response attribute This attribute involves memory representations based on feedback from motor responses (often based on kinesthetic and vestibular cues) that occur in specific situations as well as memory representations of stimulus-response associations.

reward value (affect) attribute This attribute involves memory representations of reward value, positive or negative emotional experiences, and the associations between stimuli and rewards.

rule-based memory system This system receives information from the event-based and knowledge-based systems and integrates the information by applying rules and strategies for subsequent action.

sensory-perceptual attribute This attribute involves memory representations of a set of sensory stimuli that are organized in the form of cues as part of a specific experience.

spatial (space) attribute This attribute involves memory representations of places or relationships between places.

temporal (time) attribute This attribute involves memory representations of the duration of a stimulus and the succession or temporal order of temporally separated events or stimuli.

Memory neurobiology is defined as the organization of memory systems in terms of the kind of information to be represented, the processes associated with the operation of each system, and the neurobiological substrates including neural structures and mechanisms that subserve each system.

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