Glossary

aphasia Disorder of language production and/or comprehension following brain damage.

Broca's area Area in the frontal lobe traditionally thought to contain the motor representations for words.

discourse processing Deriving meaning from conversation and text.

dissociation Preserved performance in one cognitive domain and impaired performance in another. A double dissociation occurs when one patient shows a disruption of one domain and preservation of the other, whereas another patient shows the reverse.

functional level First level of linguistic encoding in sentence production in which nonverbal conceptual information is used to select words and represent their relations.

immediacy of processing theory of comprehension Syntactic analysis and semantic interpretation are carried out on a word-byword basis as each word is perceived.

lexicon The mental dictionary in which sound, spelling, meaning, and grammatical aspects of words are represented.

modularity hypothesis Hypothesis that different cognitive subsystems (i.e., modules) function independently.

orthography The written representations and rules for spelling of words.

parser A processing module that assigns syntactic structure to a sentence.

phoneme The basic unit of speech sounds. phonological system The sound system of language.

positional-level Second level of linguistic encoding in sentence production in which the syntactic structure of the sentence is created and phonological representations are selected.

proposition Representation of part of a text that specifies the relations between actions and entities (people or objects) and between entities and their states or properties.

semantic system System that represents word and sentence meaning.

syntactic system System that represents grammatical information in the language.

thematic roles The roles that entities play with respect to a verb, such as agent, theme, or recipient.

Wernicke's area Area in the posterior temporal lobe traditionally thought to contain sound representations for words.

Understanding And Treating Autism

Understanding And Treating Autism

Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.

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