fibromyalgia A chronic musculoskeletal rheumatological syndrome that is associated with muscular pain and fatigue. Symptoms include cognitive difficulties, mood change, and sleep disturbance. The etiology is unknown.

intrathecal antibody production Local production of specific antibody to Borrelia burgdorferi in cerebral spinal fluid.

Lyme disease A multisystem disorder of the skin, nervous system, heart, and joints caused by the tick-borne spirochete, B. burgdorferi.

neuropsychological assessment The use of procedures and tests that measure general intellectual abilities and specific cognitive functioning, such as memory, to aid in the diagnosis of brain dysfunction.

polymerase chain reaction A laboratory assay for B. burgdorferi DNA.

post-Lyme disease syndrome A condition characterized by fatigue, mood disturbance, and complaints of cognitive dysfunction that follow well-documented Lyme disease months to years after antimicrobial treatment.

single photon emission computed tomography A functional neuroimaging technique used to measure regional cerebral blood flow. Brain activity is recorded by externally placed gamma cameras, which detect a radiotracer such as t-HMPAO.

Lyme encephalopathy is a neuropsychiatry disorder beginning months to years after the onset of Lyme disease.

The symptoms are non specific and typically include fatigue, sleep disturbance, slowed thinking, memory loss, naming problems, and depression. The etiology remains controversial. This article defines the nature of the syndrome and offers possible explanations from a neuropsychological perspective.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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