Glossary

akathisia Involuntary motor restlessness with increased fidgety behaviors.

brachycephaly The physical feature of having a broad or tall head.

dyskinesia Involuntary nonrhythmic motor movements that can be slow or fast and usually involve movements of the mouth.

epicanthic folds Folds of skins at the inside corner of the eye, common in persons with Down's syndrome.

hypogonadism Decreased function of the sex glands.

idiopathic Relating to or designating a disease having no known cause.

incidence The number of new cases of disease occurring in a period of time divided by the number of people at risk during that period.

macroorchidism Enlarged testes.

nystagmus Involuntary rapid movements of the eyes.

philtrum The groove in the midline of the lips.

prevalence The total number of cases of a disorder existing within a population at a given time or in a given area.

strabismus Deviation of one or both of the eyes during forward gaze.

Mental retardation refers to substantial limitations in a person's level of present functioning. It is characterized by significantly subaverage intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with related limitations in two or more of the following applicable adaptive skill areas, communication, self-care, home living, social skills, community use, self-direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure, and work. Mental retardation manifests before age 18.

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