Classification Of Memory

Memory is not a unitary construct but instead reflects a number of distinct cognitive abilities that can be categorized along a number of different dimensions. For example, one can characterize memory based on the amount of time that elapses between presentation and recall of information (e.g., short- vs long-term memory) or the nature of the information that is remembered (e.g., visual vs verbal). Memory behaviors can also be characterized by task demands (e.g., recall vs recognition) or by the cognitive processes that underlie these demands (e.g., retrieval vs retention). These and other conceptual divisions of memory are reviewed in this section.



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