The term mental retardation represents divergent meanings to different persons. It is a general label that incorporates a heterogeneous group of persons, including those with variable cognitive aptitudes, emotional functioning and adjustment, and social development. It can be described as a concept, condition, symptom, or syndrome. The purpose of this article is to elucidate the

Encyclopedia of the Human Brain Volume 3

Copyright 2002, Elsevier Science (USA).

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facets of mental retardation by focusing on its history, definitional issues, legal implications, etiology and prevention, prevalence, characteristics within specific syndromes, comorbid psychopathology, and treatment.



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