Introduction

In order to interact flexibly with a changing environment, complex organisms have evolved brains that construct an internal model of the world. Two necessary components of such a model are (i) a representation of the internal environment (i.e., a self-model) and (ii) representations of the external environment, including the other individuals constituting the social environment. An organism must continuously map self and external environment as the two interact in time. Emotion refers to a variety of different aspects of nervous system function that relate representations of the external environment to the value and significance these have for the organism. Such a value mapping encompasses several interrelated steps: evaluation of the external event or situation with which an organism is confronted, changes in brain and body of the organism in response to the situation, behavior of the organism, and a mapping of all the changes occurring in the organism that can generate a feeling of the emotion.

All About Alzheimers

All About Alzheimers

The comprehensive new ebook All About Alzheimers puts everything into perspective. Youll gain insight and awareness into the disease. Learn how to maintain the patients emotional health. Discover tactics you can use to deal with constant life changes. Find out how counselors can help, and when they should intervene. Learn safety precautions that can protect you, your family and your loved one. All About Alzheimers will truly empower you.

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