Motor Control

In order to plan the muscular actions for bringing a body part into an intended position, the brain has to be informed about its starting position. Afferent information about the body part's final position is needed to control whether the intended position has been accurately reached.

Demands on information about configuration and position of one's body increase when movements are aimed at external targets. Reaching with the hand for a visually presented object requires a transformation of the target location from retinotopic to body-centered coordinates. This transformation has to take into account the position of the eyes relative to the head and of the head relative to the trunk. Hence, information is needed about the actual position of eyes and head in addition to the initial limb position.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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