Treatmentintervention Approaches

The use of the term treatment can be misleading as related to mental retardation. Treatment usually infers the presence of a cure or a complete remediation of present problems. In the discussion of treatment and mental retardation, one should not interpret treatment in its literal sense but, rather, as a means of providing specific interventions that provide considerable benefit to persons with mental retardation and often target a specific deficit or problem. The main treatment approaches discussed here have received support as empirically based approaches and include counseling services, cognitive-behavioral treatments, and behavioral treatments. However, it is important for the reader to note that there are a number of other treatment approaches available (e.g., pharmacological). Furthermore, the astute reader will recognize that it is important to individualize treatment programs to a client's particular characteristics and needs, particularly with respect to developmentally appropriate practices.

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