Regulation of Electrolytes and pH in CNS Extracellular Space

As noted, astrocytes are connected by numerous gap junctions, permitting electronic coupling and passage of small molecules, especially ions. This feature enhances their spongelike ability to take up unwanted elements from the limited extracellular space in the CNS. Regulation of potassium ions therein is critical, because potassium ions could otherwise reach values incompatible with normal synaptic activity. Other significant astrocytic regulation involves extracellular pH by removal of CO2.

Understanding And Treating Autism

Understanding And Treating Autism

Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.

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