Table IV

Treatments for Stroke

Treatment type

Antiplatelet agents

Anticoagulants

Thrombolytics

Surgery

Radiation

Endovascular therapy

Examples

Cognitive rehabilitation and neurorehabilitation

Other

Aspirin

Dipyridamole

Ticlopidine

Clopidogrel

Heparin

Low-molecular-weight heparins

Warfarin

Streptokinase

Urokinase

Pro-urokinase

Tissue plasminogen activator

Aneurysm clipping

Arteriovenous malformation resection

Endarterectomy

Subclavian thrombectomy

Valve replacement

Inferior vena cava filter

Patent foramen ovale repair

Atrial septal aneurysm repair

Gamma knife

Thrombectomy

Angioplasty

Coils

Stents

Balloons

Glue

Memory, language, and attention therapy

Physical, occupational, speech, recreational therapies

Assistive devices and adaptive equipment

Hyperbaric oxygen Retrograde transvenous neuroperfusion Neuroprotective drugs

The various treatments available for stroke are summarized in Table IV. These treatments include agents that directly interfere with coagulation, techniques to obliterate vascular obstruction or structural abnormality, and methods to bypass the obstruction physically or chemically (hyperbaric oxygenation and retrograde cerebral perfusion).

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