The human motor system controls goaldirected movement

by selecting the targets of action, generating a motor plan, and coordinating the forces needed to achieve those objectives. Genes encode much of the information required for both the development and the operation of the motor system—especially for actions involving locomotion, orientation and reproduction—but every individual must acquire and store motor memories during his or her lifetime. Some of that information reaches conscious awareness, but much of it does not. This article focuses on the human motor system but draws heavily on knowledge about the motor system of other mammals, especially primates.



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