Further reading

Anstee DJ (1990) Blood group-active surface molecules of the human red blood cell. Vox Sanguinis 58: 1-20. Anstee DJ and Tanner MJA (1993) Biochemical aspects of the blood group Rh (Rhesus) antigens. Baillière's Clinical Haematology 6: 401-422. Becker PS and Lux SE (1995) Disorders of the red cell membrane skeleton: hereditary spherocytosis and hereditary elliptocytosis. In: Scriver CR, Beaudet AL, Sly WS and Valle D (eds) The Metabolic Bases of Inherited Disease, 7th edn, vol III, pp 3513-3560. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bessis M, Weed R and Leblond P (1973) Red cell shape: Physiology, Pathology, UltraStructure. New York: Springer-Verlag. Bessler M, Mason PJ, Hillmen P et al (1994) Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) is caused by somatic mutations in the PIG-A gene. EMBO Journal 13: 110-117.

Cartron JP (1994) Defining the Rh blood group antigens. Biochemistry and molecular genetics. Blood Reviews 8: 199-212.

Castoldi GI. and Beutler F. (1988) Erythrocytes, In: Zucker Franklin D, Greaves MF, Grossi CF. and Marmont AM (eds) Atlas of Blood Cells: Function and Pathology, 2nd edn, pp 47-156. Milan/Philadelphia: Edi Ermes/l.ea & Febiger.

Cohen CM and Gascard P (1992) Regulation and post-translational modification of erythrocyte membrane and membrane-skeletal proteins. Seminars in Hematology 29: 244-292.

Daniel GL, Anstee DJ, Cartron JP et al (1995) Blood group terminology 1995. ISBT Working Party on Terminology for Red Cell Surface Antigens. Vox Sanguinis 69: 265-279.

Endo M, Russell F.W, Vreekc TM et al (1996) Molecular basis of the heterogeneity of expression of glycosvl phosphatidylinositol anchored proteins in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 87: 2546-2557.

Fowler VM (1996) Regulation of actin filament length in erythrocytes and striated muscle. Current Opinion in Cell Biology 8: 86-96.

Gallagher PG and Forget BG (1993) Spectrin genes in health and disease. Seminars in Hematology 30: 4-2 I.

Gilligan DM and Bennett V (1993) The junctional complex of the membrane skeleton. Seminars in Hematology 30: 74-83.

Liu SC and Derick IK (1992) Molecular anatomy of the red blood cell membrane skeleton: structure-function relationships. Seminars in Hematology 29: 231-243.

Lutz HU (1987) Red cell clearance. Biomedica Biochimica Acta 46: 565-571.

Lux SE and Palek J (1995) Disorders of the red cell membrane. In: Handin Rl, Lux SF. and Stossel TP (eds) Blood: Principles and Practice in Hematology, pp 1701-1818. Philadelphia: Lippincott.

Mohandas N and Chasis JA (1993) Red blood cell deform ability, membrane material properties and shape: regulation by transmembrane, skeletal and cytosolic protein and lipids. Seminars in Hematology 30: 171-192.

Pasvol G, Clough B and Carlsson J (1992) Malaria and the red cell membrane. Blood Reviews 6: 183-192.

Peters LL and Lux SE (199.3) Ankyrins: structure and function in normal cells and hereditary spherocytes. Seminars in Hematology 30: 85-1 18.

Pinder JC, Pekrun A, Maggs AM, Brain APR and Gratzer WB (1995) Association state of human red blood cell band 3 and its intereaction with ankyrin. Blood 85: 2951-2961.

Tanner MJA (1993) Molecular and cellular biology of the erythrocyte anion exchanger (AE1). Seminars in Hematology 30: 34-57.

Viel A and Branton D (1996) Spectrin: on the path from structure to function. Current Opinion Cell Biology 8: 49-55.

Waugh RE, Mohandas N, Jackson CW, Muller TJ, Suzuki T and Gale GL (1992) Rheologic properties of senescent erythrocytes: loss of surface area and volume with red blood cell age. Blood 79: 1351-1358.

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