Further reading

Abu Kwaik Y, Fields BS and Engleberg NC (1994) Protein expression by the protozoan Hartmannella vermiformis upon contact with its bacterial parasite Legionella pneumophila. Infection and Immunity 62: 1860-1866. Blander SJ and Horwitz MA (1989) Vaccination with the major secretory protein of Legionella pneumophila induces cell-mediated and protective immunity in a guinea pig model of Legionnaires' disease. Journal of Experimental Medicine 169: 691-705.

Brieland JK, Freeman PT, Kunkel RK et al (1994) Rep-licative Legionella pneumophila lung infection in intra-tracheally inoculated A/J mice. A murine model of human Legionnaires' disease. American Journal of Pathology 145: 1537-1546.

Brieland JK, Remick DG, Freeman PT et al (1995) In vivo regulation of replicative Legionella pneumophila lung infection by endogenous tumor necrosis factor alpha and nitric oxide. Infection and Immunity 63: 3253-3258.

Brieland JS, Heath L, Huffnagle G et al (1996) Humoral immunity and regulation of intrapulmonary growth of Legionella pneumophila growth in the immunocompetent host. Journal of Immunology 157: 5002-5008.

Brieland JK, Huffnagle GB, LeGendre ML et al (1997) Resolution of primary murine legionellosis and acquired resistance to sublethal secondary Legionella pneumophila lung infection occurs independently of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Infection and Immunity (in press).

Byrd TF and Horwitz MA (1989) Interferon gamma-acti-vated human monocytes downregulate transferrin receptors and inhibit the intracellular multiplication of Legionella pneumophila by limiting the availability of iron. Journal of Clinical Investigation 83: 1457-1465.

Clemens DL and Horwitz MA (1992) Membrane sorting during phagocytosis: selective exclusion of major histocompatibility complex molecules but not complement receptor CR3 during conventional and coiling phago cytosis. Journal of Experimental Medicine 175: 1317-1326.

Horwitz MA (1983) Formation of a novel phagosome by the Legionnaires' disease bacterium (Legionella pneumophila) in human monocytes. Journal of Experimental Medicine 158: 1319-1331.

Horwitz MA (1983) Cell-mediated immunity in Legionnaires' disease. Journal of Clinical Investigation 71: 1686-1697.

Horwitz MA (1984) Phagocytosis of the Legionnaires' disease bacterium (Legionella pneumophila) occurs by a novel mechanism: engulfment within a pseudopod coil. Cell 36: 27-33.

Newton CA, Klein TW and Friedman H (1994) Secondary immunity to Legionella pneumonophila and Thl activity are suppressed by delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol injection. Infection and Immunity 62: 4015-4020.

Rolstad B and Berdal BP (1981) Immune defenses against Legionella pneumophila in rats. Infection and Immunity 32: 802-812.

Skerrett SJ and Martin TR (1996) Roles of tumor necrosis factor alpha and nitric oxide in resistance of rat alveolar macrophages to Legionella pneumophila. Infection and Immunity 64: 3236-3243.

Swanson MS and Isberg RR (1996) Identification of Legionella pneumophila mutants that have aberrant intracellular fates. Infection and Immunity 64: 2585-2594.

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