Further reading

How To Bolster Your Immune System

Immune System Boosters

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Benveniste EN (1992) Cytokines: influences on glial cell gene expression and function. Chemical Immunology 52: 106-153.

Besedovsky HO and del Rey A (1992) Immune-neuro-endocrine circuits: integrative role of cytokines. Frontiers of Neuroendocrinology 13: 61-94. Black PH (1994) Central nervous system-immune system interactions: psychoneuroendocrinology of stress and its immune consequences. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 38: 1-6. Black PH (1994) Immune system-central nervous system interactions: effect and immunomodulatory consequences of immune system mediators on the brain. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 38: 7-12. Blalock JE (1994) The immune system. Our sixth sense.

The Immunologist 2: 8-15. Blalock JE (1994) The syntax of immune-neuroendocrine communication. Immunology Today 15: 504-511. Feiten SY, Feiten DL, Bellinger DL and Olschowka JA (1992) Noradrenergic and peptidergic innervation of lymphoid organs. Chemical Immunology 52: 25-48.

Antigenic stimuli

Emotional, physical stimuli

Figure 10 The homeostatic balance maintained by the responses of the immune system and nervous system. These systems interact following the receipt of stimuli. Cytokines and neuromediators elicit and modulate the responses of cells in both systems.

Hart MN and Fabry Z (1995) CNS antigen presentation. Trends in Neuroscience 18: 475-481.

Homo-Delarche F and Dardenne M (1993) The neuro-endocrine-immune axis. Springer Seminars in Immuno-pathology 14: 221-238.

Hopkins SJ and Rothwell NJ (1995) Cytokines and the nervous system I: expression and recognition. Trends in Neuroscience 18: 83-88.

Irwin M (1993) Stress-induce immune suppression. Role of the autonomic nervous system. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 697: 203-218.

Kropiunigg U (1993) Basics in psychoneuroimmunology. Annals of Medicine 25: 473-479.

Laudenslager ML and Fleshner M (1994) Stress and immunity: Of mice, monkeys, models, and mechanisms. In: Glaser R and Kiecolt-Glaser JK (eds) Handbook of Human Stress and Immunity, pp 161-181. San Diego: Academic Press.

Mandrup-Poulsen T, Nerup J, Reimers |I et al (1995! Cytokines and the endocrine system. I. The immuno-endocrine network. European Journal of hndo-crinology 122: 660-671.

Plata-Salaman CR (1991) Immunoregulators in the nervous system. Neuroscience and Biobehai'ioral Reviews 15: 185-215.

Rothwell NJ and Hopkins SJ (1995) Cytokines and the nervous system II: actions and mechanisms of action. Trends in Neuroscience 18: 130-136.

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How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

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