Further reading

Bottone EJ (ed) (1981) Yersinia enterocolitica. Boca Raton,

FL: CRC Press. Bottone EJ (1997) Yersinia enterocolitica: the charisma continues. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 10: 257-276.

Fallman M, Persson C and Wolf-Watz H (1997) Yersinia proteins that target host cell signaling pathways. Journal of Clinical Investigation 99: 1153-115". Gripenberg-Lerche C, Skurnik M and Toivanen P (I 995'. Role of YadA-mediated collagen binding in arthritogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype 0:8: experimental studies with rats. Infection and Immunity 63: 3222-3226.

Hermann E, Yu DTY, Meyer zum Büschenfelde K-H and Pleischer B (1993) HLA-B27-restricted CD8 T cells derived from synovial fluids of patients wirh reactive arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Lancet 342: 646-650.

Isberg RR (1989) Mammalian cell adhesion functions and cellular penetration of enteropathogenic Yersinia species. Molecular Microbiology 3: 1449-1453. Lahesmaa R, Soderberg C, Bliska J et al (1995) Pathogen antigen- and superantigen-reactive synovial fluid T cells in reactive arthritis. Journal of Infectious Diseases 172: 1290-1297.

Mertz AKH, Daser A, Skurnik M et al (1994) The evol-utionarily conserved ribosomal protein L23 and the cat-ionic urease ß-subunit of Yersinia enterocolitica 0:3 belong to the immunodominant antigens in Yersinia-triggered reactive arthritis: implications for autoimmunity. Molecular Medicine 1: 44-55. Skurnik M, El Tahir Y, Saarinen M, Jalkanen S and Toivanen P (1994) YadA mediates specific binding of enteropathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica to human intestinal submucosa. Infection and Immunity 62: 1252-1261.

Tertti R, Vuento R, Mikkola P, Grantors K, Mäkelä A-I. and Toivanen A (1989) Clinical manifestations of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infection in children. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 8: 587-591. Toivanen A and Toivanen P (eds) (1988! Reactive

Arthritis. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Toivanen P and Toivanen A (1994) Does Yersinia induce autoimmunity? International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 104: 107-111.

Toivanen A and Toivanen P (1996) Reactive arthritis. Cur- Bacterial antibodies in HLA-B27" healthy individuals.

rent Opinion in Rheumatology 8: 334-340. Arthritis and Rheumatism 36: 1633-1635.

Toivanen P, Koskimies S, Granfors K and Eerola E (1993)

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