Further reading

Afifi A, El Rashdy M and El Ridi R (1993) Seasonal conditions determine the manner of skin rejection in reptiles. Journal of Experimental Zoology 265: 459-468.

Ambrosius H (1976) Immunoglobulins and antibody production in reptiles. In: Marchalonis JJ (ed) Comparative Immunology, p 298. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.

Cooper EL, Klempau AE and Zapata AG (1984) Reptilian immunity. In: Gans C, Billett F and Maderson PFA (eds) Biology of the Reptilia, 14: 599. New York: Wiley.

El Ridi R, El Deeb S and Zada S (1981) The gut-associated lymphoepithelial tissue of lizards and snakes. In: Solomon JB (ed) Aspects of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 1: 233. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

El Ridi R, Zada S, Afifi A et al (1988) Cyclic changes in the differentiation of lymphoid cells in reptiles. Cell Differentiation 24: 1-8.

Farag MA and El Ridi R (1985) Mixed leucocyte reaction (MLR) in the snake Psammophis sihilans. Immunology 55: 173-181.

Farag MA and El Ridi R (1986) Proliferative responses of snake lymphocytes to concanavalin A. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 10: 561-569.

Farag MA and El Ridi R (1990) Functional markers of the major histocompatibility gene complex of snakes. European Journal of Immunology 20: 2029-2033.

Grossberger D and Parham P (1992) Reptilian class 1

major histocompatibility complcx genes reveal conserved elements in class I structure, hnmunogenetics 36: 166-174.

Jurd RD (1994) Reptiles and birds. In: Turner RJ ied) Immunology. A Comparative Approach,} Wiley Chichester: New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Muthukkaruppan VR, Borysenko M and El Ridi R (1983) RES structure and function of the reptilia. In: Cohen N and Sigel MM (eds) The Reticuloendothelial System. A Comprehensive Treatise, vol 3: Phytogeny and Ontogeny, p 461. New York: Plenum Press.

Saad AH and El Ridi R (1984) Mixed leukocyte reaction, graft-versus-host reaction, and skin allograft rejection in the lizard, Chalcides ocellatus. Immunohiology 166: 484-49.3.

Saad A-H and F.l Ridi R (1988) Endogenous corticosteroids mediate seasonal cyclic changes in immunity of lizards. Immunobiology 177: 390—403.

Warr GW, Magor KE and Higgins DA (1995) IgY: clues to the origins of modern antibodies. Immunology Today 16: 392-398.

Zapata AG, Varas A and Torroba M (1992) Seasonal variations in the immune system of lower vertebrates. Immunology Today 13: 142-147.

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