Further reading

Bruton OC (1952) Agammaglobulinemia. Pediatrics 9: 722-728.

Conley ME, Brown P, Pickard AR et al (1986) Expression of the gene defect in X-linked agammaglobulinemia. New England Journal of Medicine 315: 564-567. Conley ME, Fitch-Hilgenberg ME, Cleveland JL, Parolini O and Rohrer J (1994) Screening of genomic DNA to identify mutations in the gene for Bruton's tyrosine kinase. Human Molecular Genetics 3: 1751-1756. Kwan SP, Kunkel L, Bruns G, Wedgwood RJ, Latt S and Rosen FS (1986) Mapping of the X-linked agammaglobulinemia locus by use of restriction fragment-length polymorphism. Journal of Clinical Investigation 77: 649-652.

Lederman HM and Winkelstein JA (1985) X-linked agammaglobulinemia: an analysis of 96 patients. Medicine 64: 145-156.

Ochs HD and Winkelstein J (1996) Disorders of the B-cell system. In: Stiehm ER (ed) Immunologic Disorders in Infants and Children, pp 296-338. Philadelphia: WB Saunders.

Pearl ER, Vogler LB, Okos AJ, Crist WM, Lawton AR and Cooper MD (1978) B lymphocyte precursors in human bone marrow: an analysis of normal individuals and patients with antibody-deficiency states. Journal of Immunology 120: 1169-1175. Rawlings DJ, Saffran DC, Tsukada S et al (1993) Mutation of unique region of Bruton's tyrosine kinase in immunodeficient XID mice. Science 261: 358-361. Rawlings DJ, Scharenberg AM, Park H et al (1996) Activation of BTK by a phosphorylation mechanism initiated by SRC family kinases. Science 271: 822-825. Sidéras P and Smith CIE (1995) Molecular and cellular aspects of X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Advances in Immunology 59: 135-223. Touhara K, Inglese J, Pitcher JA, Shaw G and Lefkowitz RJ (1994) Binding of G Protein 07-subunits to pleck-srrin homology domains. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269: 10217-10220.

Tsukada S, Saffran DC, Rawlings DJ et al (1993) Deficient expression of a B cell cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase in human X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Cell 72: 279-290.

Vetrie D, Vorechovsky I, Sideras P et al (1993) The gene involved in X-linked agammaglobulinemia is a member of the src family of protein-tyrosine kinases. Nature 361: 226-233. Vihinen M (1996) BTK base: XLA-mutation registry. Immunology Today 17: 502-506.

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