Further reading

Alberollala J, Takaki S, Kerner JD et al (1997) Differential signaling by lymphocyte antigen receptors. Annual Review of Immunology 15: 125-154. Boussiotis VA, Freeman GJ, Berezovskaya A, Barber DL, Nadler LM (1997) Maintenance of human T cell anergy: blocking of IL-2 gene transcription by activated Rapl. Science 278: 124-128. Cauley LS, Cauley KA, Shub F, Huston G, Swain SL (1997) Transferable anergy: superantigen treatment induces CD4* T cell tolerance that is reversible and requires CD4~CD8~ cells and interferon gamma, journal of Experimental Medicine 186: 77-81.

Jenkins MK (1992) The role of cell division in the induction of clonal anergy. Immunology Today 13: 69-73.

Parijs LV, Perez VL, Biuckians A, Maki RG, London CA, Abbas AK (1997) Role of interleukin 12 and costimu-lators in T cell anergy in vivo. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 186: 1119-1128.

Schwartz RH (1990) A cell culture model for T lymphocyte clonal anergy. Science 248: 1349-1356.

Schwartz RH (1996) Models of T cell anergy: is there a common molecular mechanism. Journal of Experimental Medicine 184: 1-8.

Schwartz RH (1997) T cell clonal anergy. Current Opinion in Immunology 9: 351-357.

Smith JA, Tso JY, Clark MR, Cole MS, Bluestone JA (1997) Nonmitogenic anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies deliver a partial T cell receptor signal and induce clonal anergy. Journal of Experimental Medicine 185: 1413-1422.

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