The PKC pathway

DAG, the other product of PLC activation, along with cofactors such as Ca2~ and phospholipids, activates protein kinase C (PKC), a family of serine/threonine kinases that phosphorylate a number of substrates, initiating the PKC pathway. PKC has been implicated in the control of many signaling pathways, including p2T"s and the MAP kinases such as ERK, and c-JUN N-terminal kinases (JNK 1/2). The role of specific PKC isozymes is poorly understood, although PKCe and PKC0 can regulate the transcription factors AP-1 and NFAT in leukemic T cells, and a recent study indicates that PKCfl may have a special role during antigen activation of T cells. Phorbol esters activate many forms of PKC, however it is now clear that many effects of phorbol esters on T cells that were previously attributed to PKC are in fact Ras mediated. In vitro studies have shown that the PKC isozymes 8, e, tj, A and £ arc activated by D-3 phosphoinositide lipids. PKCf has also been suggested as a direct target for ceramide and thus may play a critical role in sphingomyelinase signaling.

How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.

Get My Free Audio Book

Post a comment