Contents

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Number Representation in Animals

6.2.1 Absolute Numerosities

6.2.2 Making N Responses

6.2.3 Running Speed as an Indicator of Number Representation

6.2.4 Symbols and Numerosities

6.2.5 Transfer between Tasks and Modalities

6.3 Arithmetic Reasoning in Animals

6.3.1 Ordering

6.3.2 Addition and Subtraction

6.4 Number Representation in Human Infants

6.4.1 Small Number Discrimination

6.4.2 Large Number Discrimination

6.4.3 Cross-Modal Matching

6.4.4 Continuous Dimensions Confound

6.5 Arithmetic Reasoning in Infancy

6.5.1 Ordering

6.5.2 Addition and Subtraction

6.6 A Brief Description of Five Models of Nonverbal Number Representation

6.6.1 Arbitrary Numeron Hypothesis

6.6.2 Subitizing and the Object-File Mode

6.6.3 Mode-Control Model

6.6.4 Connectionist Timing Model

6.6.5 Dehaene and Changeux Neural Network Model

6.7 Differentiating the Models

6.7.1 Are Animals and Infants Merely Subitizing?

6.7.2 Are Animals and Infants Limited to Object-Files?

6.7.3 Are Animals and Infants Counting?

6.7.4 How Do the Models Handle Development?

6.7.5 Weber's Law

6.7.6 Representation of Time and Number

6.8 Neural Basis of Number Representation

6.9 Conclusion and Directions for Future Research Acknowledgments

References

0 0

Post a comment