Number Representation In Human Infants

6.4.1 Small Number Discrimination

The habituation paradigm has provided abundant evidence that infants, even new-borns, represent number. In the habituation paradigm, infants are presented with many exemplars of one numerosity. The time the infant looks at each stimulus is

1. Objects placed in case 2. Screen comes up 3. Empty hand enters 4. One object removed

1. Objects placed in case 2. Screen comes up 3. Empty hand enters 4. One object removed

Then either: a) Possible Outcome Or b) Impossible Outcome

5. screen drops ... 6. revealing 1 object 5. screen drops ... 6. revealing 2 objects

Then either: a) Possible Outcome Or b) Impossible Outcome

5. screen drops ... 6. revealing 1 object 5. screen drops ... 6. revealing 2 objects

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