Anthropological research in bioethics has flourished in its first decade. We can see that the relationship between anthropology and bioethics is twofold: some do research "of" bioethics as a cultural domain while others do research "in" bioethics, often collaborating with others outside the field to better address more applied concerns. The field of bioethics as well as its methods, theories, and practices are all rich areas for anthropological inquiry given the diverse range of topics and issues that call for a contextualized exploration of what it means to be a moral human being. The continued development of biotechno-logical advances, health care challenges, and greater concern for the moral life or suffering experienced by patients, families, and clinicians in a global world context generates new questions about the definition of life and death, self, other, personhood, power dynamics, and right and wrong in the context of illness, health, and healing. To answer these questions and to better inform health policies, anthropologists are increasingly participating in interdisciplinary collaborative bioethics research. Such participation enables anthropological concerns to be given greater voice in ensuring that taken-for-granted cultural assumptions are not accepted prima facie but are instead contextually considered when analyzing theory and practice within the bioethics enterprise.
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