The anthropological literature on nutrition- and health-related issues has become vast over the last decades and it also has a broad geographic spread. Nutritional anthropologists have covered a wide variety of topics, ranging from nutritional adequacy in prehistoric populations to various forms of malnutrition in late modernity. The different types of malnutrition studies include protein-calorie malnutrition, micronutrient malnutrition, and overnutrition. Next, two themes have been selected to illustrate some of the variation in nutritional anthropology research and the contribution of anthropology to advancing our understanding of nutrition and health:
(1) hunger and malnutrition in low-income countries, and
(2) the possible effects of our nutritious past on human health and well-being today.
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