Industrial and Food Microbiology

Many aspects of our everyday lives are influenced in some way by microorganisms. In previous chapters we have noted their role in our environment, as well as their ability both to cause and cure infectious diseases. In addition, they are responsible for the production of much of what we eat and drink, synthesise industrially useful chemicals, and can even extract precious metals from the Earth (Table 17.1). In this chapter we shall look at some of the ways in which the activities of microorganisms have been harnessed for the benefit of humans, and developed on an industrial scale. The first applications of biotechnology many thousands of years ago were in the production of food and drink, so it is here that we shall begin our survey.

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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