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► A recent population based investigation of sudden death at age 1-20 years, looking at all causes.

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► An important study identifying the main postoperative diagnoses with an increased risk of late sudden death.

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► Forty three per cent of deaths not related to surgery in patients in the adult congenital clinic were sudden. Eisenmenger syndrome was common. Very few patients had preceding clinical ventricular arrhythmias.

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► A helpful review of the problems in prediction and prevention of late sudden death late after tetralogy repair.

11 Gatzoulis MA, Balaji S, Webber SA, et al. Risk factors for arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death late after repair of tetralogy of Fallot: a multicentre study. Lancet 2000;356:975-81.

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► A review of prediction and prevention, mainly in adult patients.

14 Vincent GM. Role of DNA testing for diagnosis, management, and genetic screening in long QT syndrome, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and Marfan syndrome. Heart 2001;86:12-4.

► A review of the contribution of genetic investigation to the identification of patients with familial, potentially life threatening disorders.

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16 Maron BJ, Shirani J, Poliac LC, et al. Sudden death in young competitive athletes. JAMA 1996;276:199-204.

► A retrospective series showing that 85% of sudden deaths were cardiovascular and 90% occurred during or immediately after activity. The most common diagnoses were hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary artery anomalies.

17 Garson A Jr, Dick M, Fournier A, et al. The long QT syndrome children. An international study of 287 patients. Circulation 1993;87:1866-72.

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► A detailed and authoritative review of sudden cardiac death.

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► A comprehensive review of mainly non life-threatening causes of syncope.

20 Ino T, Yabuta K, Yamauchi K. Heart disease screening in Japanese children. BMJ 1993;306:1128.

Additional references appear on the Heart

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