As the detection and identification of L. monocytogenes by conventional methods are not easy, new procedures were developed to facilitate the recovery and characterization of this bacterium from both clinical samples as well as in contaminated food. Among these methods, a great variety of nucleic acid-based techniques were devised by many researchers. Some of these methods are now available as commercial assays. The sequencing of the complete genome of L. monocytogenes and L. innocua has opened the way for the development of microarrays, sequence-based standardized strategies, and semiautomated platforms. By simplifying application methods and by allowing an early and efficient identification of Listeria spp., these procedures will put molecular-based methods within the reach of most routine laboratories and will certainly lower the risk associated with listeriosis.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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