Contributors

Ronald T. Acton / University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.A. Adewale Adeyinka / Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.A. Farid E. Ahmed / East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, U.S.A. Joseph E. Alouf / Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Ozgiil Alper / Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Rhona M. Anderson / MRC Radiation and Genome Stability Unit, Didcot, Harwell, Oxfordshire, U.K.

M. Arock / Faculty of Pharmacy, Paris, France

Brian Austin / Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, U.K.

Ana Avellon-Calvo / National Center for Microbiology, Madrid, Spain

Adam Bagg / Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Deeksha Sarihyan Bali / Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Carol Isaacson Barash / Genetics, Ethics & Policy Consulting, Inc., Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

David E. Barton / Our Lady's Hospital for the Sick, Dublin, Ireland

James C. Barton / Southern Iron Disorders Center, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.A.

Philip L. Beales / Institute of Child Health (UCL), London, U.K.

Cecile Bebear / Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Karsten Becker / Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster, Germany

Clare E. Beesley / University College London, London, U.K.

Alexandra Benachi / Hopital Necker Enfants Malades, Paris, France

Mark Benecke / International Forensic Research & Consulting, Cologne, Germany

Martin Bengtsson / TATAA Biocenter AB, Göteborg, Sweden

Diana E. Benn / Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

Jorg Berg / General Hospital Linz, Linz, Austria

Annemarie Berger / J. W. Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany

Michel G. Bergeron / Universite Laval, Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada

Claudia Biondi / Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Argentina

Catherine Boileau / Universite Paris V, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France

Maurice Boissinot / Universite Laval, Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada

Jorg Bojunga / Saarland University Hospital, Homburg/Saar, Germany

Serena Bonin / International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) and

University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy Gisele Bonne / INSERM U582, Paris, France

Stephane Bourgeois / Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Stephanie Bousart / Evotec Technologies GmbH, Duösseldorf, Germany

Antoinette A. T. P. Brink / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Michael S. Bronze / University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.A.

Annette K. Broom / The Western Australian Centre for Pathology and Medical Research and the University of Western Austrailia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia Natalia E. Broude / Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

W. Ted Brown / New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island, New York, U.S.A.

Ramon Brugada / Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

Sylvia M. Bruisten / GG&GD Municipal Health Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The-Hung Bui / Karolinska Institutet/Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Stephen A. Bustin / University of London, London, U.K.

Neville J. Butcher / University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia

Catherine Caillaud / AP-HP, Institut Cochin, Paris, France

Maria J. Calasanz / University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Martin J. Callaghan / University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K.

Paula M. Cannon / Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Antonio Cao / Universita degli Studi di Cagliari (UNICA), Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy

Melody Caramins / Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia

Lucie Carrier / INSERM U582, Paris, France

Cyril Carroll / National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland

Barrie J. Carter / Targeted Genetics Corporation, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Beatriz Carvalho / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Lilian Castilho / Hemocentro Unicamp, Campinas, Brazil

Kosum Chansiri / Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand

Karim Chemlal / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Tian-Jian Chen / University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama, U.S.A.

Xiao-he Chen / Southampton University Hospital, Southampton, U.K.

Yuan-Tsong Chen / Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Holger Christiansen / University of Erlangen, Marburg, Germany

Anna Cirulli / Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy

John R. Clarke / Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Paddington, London, U.K. Stuart C. Clarke / Stobhill Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland

Gwenaelle Collod-Beroud / Universite Paris V, Hopital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France

David N. Cooper / University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, U.K.

Jean-Marc Costa / American Hospital of Paris, Neuilly, France

Lucio G. Costa / University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Carlos M. Cotorruelo / Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Argentina

Paul Coucke / Center for Medical Genetics, University Hospital, Gent, Belgium

Yvonne E. Cruickshank / University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, U.K.

N. A. Cunliffe / The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K.

Mary Jane Cunningham / Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, Texas, U.S.A.

Anna Maria D'Erchia / Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biologia Moleculare, Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy

Savvas Damaskinos / Biomedical Photometrics Inc., Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Dat D. Dao / Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, Texas, U.S.A.

Florian Daxboeck / University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Ian N. M. Day / Southampton University Hospital, Southampton, U.K.

Stephen Day / Third Wave Technologies, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.

Dino A. De Angelis / Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Phyllis Della-Latta / Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Vito G. DelVecchio / Vital Probes, Inc., Mayfield, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Vadim V. Demidov / Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Anne De Paepe / Center for Medical Genetics, University Hospital, Gent, Belgium

Femke A. de Snoo / Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Wolfgang Dietmaier / University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Arthur E. Dixon / Biomedical Photometrics Inc., Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

David H. Dockrell / University of Sheffield Medical School, Sheffield, U.K.

Gerry Dolan / Nottingham Haemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre, Nottingham, U.K.

Luciana Cresta de Barros Dolinsky / Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), and Universidade do Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Friedrich Dorner / Baxter BioScience, Vienna, Austria

Jorg Dotsch / University of Erlangen, Nürnberg, Germany

Christian Drosten / Bernhard-Nocht-Institute of Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Paul Eijk / Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Hermann Einsele / Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany

Nabil El AiLa / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Sameer Elsayed / University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Deborah Elstein / Shaare Zedek Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel

Dwaine F. Emerich / LCT BioPharma, Inc., Cranston, Rhode Island, U.S.A.

M. Said Enayat / The Birmingham Children's Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, U.K.

Virginia Espina / National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.

Andreas Essig / University Hospital of Ulm, Ulm, Germany

Maurice M. Exner / Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute, San Juan Capistrano, California, U.S.A. Yao-Shan Fan / University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, U.S.A. Gabriella A. Farcas / University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Falko Fend / Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany

Peter C. H. Feng / United States Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland, U.S.A.

F. Fenollar / Unite des Rickettsies, Marseille, France

Josef Finsterer / Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Wien, Austria

Derek J. Fisher / University ofPittsburgh School ofMedicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

M. Fodinger / Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Thorsten Forster / University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, U.K.

Michel Franck / Ecole Nationale V^t^rinaire de Lyon, Marcy l'Etoile, France

David John French / LGC (Teddington) Ltd., Teddington, U.K.

Monika Fritzer-Szekeres / University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria

Emilie Frobert / Claude Bernard University-Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France

Anthony A. Fryer / Keele University Medical School, Staffordshire, U.K.

Jürgen Fuchs / J. W. Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany

Clement E. Furlong / University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Renzo Galanello / Universita degli Studi di Cagliari (UNICA), Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy

Anna Gajko-Galicka / Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland

Rosalind H. Ganderton / Southampton University Hospital, Southampton, U.K.

Alex Garvin / AmberGen Inc., Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Tom R. Gaunt / Southampton University Hospital, Southampton, U.K.

Peter Ghazal / University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, U.K.

Thomas P. Gillis / National Hansen s Disease Programs, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.A.

Robert H. Gilman / Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

Philippe Gilot / Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Nouzilly, France

Lisa Giovannelli / University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Sadanand Gite / AmberGen Inc., Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Bert Gold / National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, U.S.A.

Willemijn M. Gommans / Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands

Patrick Gonin / Genethon, Evry, France

William M. Grady / University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. Ronald A. Greenfield / University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.A. Wayne W. Grody / UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A. Michael A. Grotzer / University Children's Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland Ginevra Guanti / Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy

Dong-chuan Guo / University of Texas-Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

Rebecca A. Guy / University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

Toshikazu Hada / Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan

Michelle Hadchouel / Inserm U347, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France

Sinuhe Hahn / University Women's Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Hidde J. Haisma / Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands

Juliane Halangk / Charite, Berlin, Germany

Val Hall / University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, U.K.

Thomas Hankeln / Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany Nader Hanna / University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.A. Timm C. Harder / Landeslabor Schleswig-Holstein, Neumuenster, Germany C. Anthony Hart / The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, Merseyside, U.K. Rachel L. Hart / The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K. Arndt Hartmann / University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Alexander C. Haushofer / General Hospital of St. Poelten, St. Poelten, Lower Austria, Austria

Nicholas K. Hayward / Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Herston, Australia

Qiushui He / National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland

Holger Hebart / Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany

Jannik Helweg-Larsen / Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark

Mario A. J. A. Hermsen / University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain

K. E. Herold / University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, U.S.A.

Sam Hibbitts / University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, U. K.

James A. Higgins / United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service,

Beltsville, Maryland, U.S.A. A. S. High / University of Leeds, Leeds, U.K.

Marian Hill / Nottingham Haemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre, Nottingham, U.K. Kenji Hirose / National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan Martin Hofmann / Institute of Virology and Immunoprophylaxis, Mittelhaeusern, Switzerland Wolf-Karsten Hofmann / J. W. Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany Elaine Holmes / Imperial College London, London, U.K.

Randall K. Holmes / University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, U.S.A. Wolfgang Holzgreve / University Women's Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Christiane Hönisch / SEQUENOM Inc., San Diego, California, U.S.A.

Erik Hopmans / Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Pierre Hopmeier / Hospital Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria

Paul A. Horgen / University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

Agnes Hotz-Wagenblatt / Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany

Bae-Li Hsi / National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan, Republic of China

M. Sofi Ibrahim / The United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Maryland, U.S.A.

Margareta Ieven / University Hospital of Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg / Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Tim J. Inglis / PathCentre, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Ken-ichiro Itoh / National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Musashi-Murayama City, Tokyo, Japan Erik Iwarsson / Karolinska Institutet/Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden Louise Izatt / Guy s Hospital, London, U.K.

Alexandre Izmailov / Visible Genetics, Inc., Toronto, Ontario, Canada K. K. Jain / Jain PharmaBiotech, Basel, Switzerland

John P. Jakupciak / National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, U.S.A.

Syed M. Jalal / Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Edmund C. Jenkins / New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities,

Staten Island, New York, U.S.A. Enedina Jimenez-Cardoso / Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez, D.F., Mexico Hans Joenje / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Kieran Jordan / Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland Sangeeta Joshi / Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India Christian Jurinke / SEQUENOM Inc., San Diego, California, U.S.A. Veli-Matti Kahari / University of Turku, Turku, Finland

Vladislav Kahle / Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic Kevin C. Kain / University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Noor Kalsheker / Queen's Medical Center, Nottingham, U.K. Shimeru Kamihira / Nagasaki University, Nagasaki City, Japan Pornpimon Kanjanavas / Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand Jonas Karlsson / TATAA Biocenter AB, Göteborg, Sweden

Soemini Kasanmoentalib / Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Andrew M. Kaz / University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. Dagmar I. Keller / INSERM U582, Paris, France Dominic F. Kelly / University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K.

John M. Kelly / London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, U.K.

Robert T. Kennedy / University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

Kagan Kerman / Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey; Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Ishikawa, Japan Harald H. Kessler / Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria Phaisan Khawsak / Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand Sintawee Khuchareontaworn / Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand C. William Kilpatrick / University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, U.S.A. Christoph Klein / Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Geel, Belgium Samantha J. L. Knight / University of Oxford, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Roosevelt Drive, Headington, U.K.

Bruce R. Korf / University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.A. Hannu Korkeala / University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Maja Krajinovic / Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Thomas R. Kreil / Baxter BioScience, Vienna, Austria

Evelyne Kretzschmar / Institute for Transfusion Medicine, Duisburg, Germany Guido Krupp / artus GmbH, Hamburg, Germany

Mikael Kubista / TATAA Biocenter AB, Lundberg Laboratory, Göteborg, Sweden

Alma Kuechler / Klinik für Radiologie, Abteilung Strahlentherapie der FSU Jena, Jena, Germany

Anver Kuliev / Reproductive Genetics Institute, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

David J. Kwiatkowski / Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Hae-Young Kwon / Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Damian Labuda / Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Idoya Lahortiga / University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Hans Henrik Larsen / Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark

Dong Soon Lee / Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea

Mikael Leijon / LightUp Technologies AB, Huddinge, Sweden

Brynn Levy / Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Laurie R. Lewis / Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, Texas, U.S.A.

Thomas Liehr / Klinik far Radiologie, Abteilung Strahlentherapie der FSU Jena; Institut far Humangenetik und Anthropologie der FSU Jena, Jena, Germany Adrian Linacre / University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, U.K.

Luther E. Lindler / Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Silver Spring, Maryland, U.S.A.

John C. Lindon / Imperial College London, London, U.K.

Miia Lindstrom / University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Lance A. Liotta / National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.

Chunyu Liu / University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Hsi Liu / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.

Weidong Liu / Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan

Juergen Loeffler / Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany

Katherine Loens / University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium

Dietmar Lohmann / Universtiätsklinikum Essen, Essen, Germany

Bettina Lundgren / Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark

Ian M. MacDonald / University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada

John S. Mackenzie / Curtin University of Technology, Shenton Park, Western Australia, Australia

James N. Macpherson / Salisbury District Hospital, Salisbury, Wiltshire, U.K.

R. Mahnel / Stiftung Deutsche Klinik far Diagnostik GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany

Johanna P. Makinen / National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland

Fransiska Malfait / Center for Medical Genetics, University Hospital, Gent, Belgium

Helena Malmgren / Karolinska Institutet/Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Hon Fong L. Mark / Presbyterian Laboratory Services, Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Yvonne Mark / F.I.T. Health Services, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Deborah J. Marsh / Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

T. Marth / Stiftung Deutsche Klinik far Diagnostik GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany

Renee H. Martin / University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Andrea Mast / Third Wave Technologies, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.

Masafumi Matsuo / Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo, Kobe, Japan

Gert Mayer / Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

M. Mayerhofer / Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Holgar Mayta / Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

Bruce A. McClane / University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Heather E. McDermid / University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Shaun McKenzie / University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.A.

J. McLauchlin / Health Protection Agency Food Safety Microbiology Laboratory, London, U.K.

Donald P. McManus / The Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Queensland, Australia

Francis Megraud / University Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Jens Mehlhose / Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany

Chris J. L. M. Meijer / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Gerrit A. Meijer / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

James D. Mellott / The United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Maryland, U.S.A.

Armelle Menard / University Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France Jussi Mertsola / National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland

Jon F. Merz / University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Barbara Messner / Klinikum vechts der Isar, Munich University of Technology, Munich, Germany Michele Meunier-Rotival / Inserm U347, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France Hans Wilhelm Meyers / Patent Attorneys von Kreisler Selting Werner, Köln, Germany Dianna M. Milewicz / University of Texas-Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. Rodney F. Minchin / University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia Mara Mirasoli / University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy Martina Mirlacher / University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Steven R. Monday / United States Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland, U.S.A.

Florence Morfin / Claude Bernard University-Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France

Kevin Morgan / Queen s Medical Center, Nottingham, U.K.

Cesar V. Mujer / Vital Probes, Inc., Mayfield, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Heide Müller-Alouf / Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

David R. Murdoch / Christchurch School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand

Caroline Murphy / Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland

Maria A. Musarella / SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.

Monica Musiani / University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Kentaro Nagamine / Eiken Chemical Co., Ltd., Tochigi Pref., Japan

Carlo Napolitano / IRCCS, Fondazione S. Maugeri, Pavia, Italy

Mari Nevas / University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Philip Ng / Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

Jeremy K. Nicholson / Imperial College London, London, U.K.

Matthias Niedrig / Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany

Hans Helmut Niller / Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Kerstin Nolkrantz / University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

Tsugunori Notomi / Eiken Chemical Co., Ltd., Tochigi Pref., Japan

Anders O. H. Nygren / MRC-Holland Ltd., Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Catherine D. O'Connell / National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, U.S.A. Maria D. Odero / University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Shuji Ogino / Brigham and Women 's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

C. Orlando / University of Florence, Florence, Italy Mehmet Ozsoz / Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey

Gerard Pals / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Preeti Pancholi / Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Patrizia Pasini / University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

M. Pazzagli / University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Franck Pellestor / Institute of Human Genetics, Montpellier, France

Sabine Pereyre / University Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Francesca Petrera / International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), and University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

Sirichai Phantana / Ministry of Public Health, Nontaburi, Thailand

Heather Pierce / University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.A.

P. Pinzani / University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Vanessa Pitozzi / University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Mario Plebani / University Hospital of Padova, Padova, Italy

Maurizio Podda / J. W. Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany

Andrew J. Pollard / University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K.

Sven Poppert / University Hospital of Ulm, Ulm, Germany

Francoise Portaels / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Janos Posfai / New England Biolabs, Inc., Beverly, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Edoardo Pozio / Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy

Silvia G. Priori / IRCCS, Foundazione S. Maugeri and University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Mario C. O. Probst / University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Robert E. Pyatt / Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.

Lluis Quintana-Murci / Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Amelia Racca / Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Argentina

A. D. Radford / University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K.

D. Raoult / Unite des Rickettsies, Marseille, France Wolfgang Rascher / University of Erlangen, Nürnberg, Germany

A. Rasooly / United States Food and Drug Administration-Center for Devices and Radiological Health,

Silver Spring, Maryland, U.S.A. Peter Rautenberg / University Clinics Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany Udo Reischl / University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany Carolyn Sue Richards / Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. Leen Rigouts / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium Franziska Ringpfeil / Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. G. Ripabelli / University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy Marilyn C. Roberts / University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. R. J. Roberts / New England Biolabs, Inc., Beverly, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Robert Roberts / Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. Aldo Roda / University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy R. Stefan Ross / University of Essen, Essen, Germany Kenneth Rothschild / AmberGen Inc., Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Marianne G. Rots / Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands

Lewis P. Rubin / Women & Infants Hospital and Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A. Marie Magdeleine Ruchoux / Pare EuraSante, Lille, France Michael Rudnicki / Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria Carlo Sabba / Universita di Bari, Bari, Italy

Nagahiro Saijo / National Cancer Center Hospital, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Marta Sanchez-Carbayo / Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Yayoi Sato / Chiba University, Chiba, Japan

Guido Sauter / University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Elisabetta Sbisa / Istituto di Tecnologie Biomediche Sezione di Bari CNR, Bari, Italy Hartmut Schmidt / Charite, Berlin, Germany

Kathrin D. Schmidt / Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany

Jan P. Schouten / MRC-Holland Ltd., Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Hans Peter Schwarz / Baxter BioScience, Vienna, Austria

Fritz Schwarzmann / Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Ikuo Sekine / National Cancer Center Hospital, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

N. Sergeev / United States Food and Drug Administration-Center for Devices and Radiological Health,

Silver Spring, Maryland, U.S.A. Isdore Chola Shamputa / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium Jay Shaw / Nanogen, Inc., San Diego, California, U.S.A.

Yosuke Shigematsu / Fukui Medical University School of Nursing, Fukui, Japan

Paul A. Sieving / National Institute of Health, Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A.

C. Sillaber / Medical University of Vienna, Austria

Ronald Simon / University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Durg V. Singh / Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar, India

Predrag Slijepcevic / Brunel University, Middlesex, U.K.

James G. Smedley, III / University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. David W. Smith / The Western Australian Centre for Pathology and Medical Research and The University of Western Austrailia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia Heather J. Smith / University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Peter J. F. Snijders / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Robert A. Sokolic / National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. K. Sotlar / University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany Olivier A. E. Sparagano / University of Newcastle, Newcastle, U.K. Ulrich Spengler / artus Biotech USA, Inc., San Francisco, California, U.S.A. W. R. Sperr / Medical University of Vienna, Austria

Jennifer K. Spinler / University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, U.S.A. Eli Sprecher / Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

Glyn Stacey / National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, Herts, U.K.

Giorgio Stanta / International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) and University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

Werner Steimer / Klinikum vechts der Isar, Munich University of Technology, Munich, Germany

Michael Steinert / Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany

Evelyn Stelzl / Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria

Henrik Stender / AdvanDx, Inc., Woburn, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Richard C. Strange / Keele University Medical School, Staffordshire, U.K.

Natalia D. Sumption / MRC Radiation and Genome Stability Unit, Didcot, Harwell, Oxfordshire, U.K.

Thomas Szekeres / University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria

Duan-Jun Tan / Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Peerapan Tan-ariya / Mahidol University, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand

David Tarrago-Asensio / National Center for Microbiology, Madrid, Spain

Martin C. Taylor / London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, U.K.

Mustafa Tekin / Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Nancy Smyth Templeton / Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

Beatriz Marcheco Teruel / National Center of Medical Genetics, Havana, Cuba

Christopher G. Thanos / Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A.

Danielle Thouvenot / Claude Bernard University-Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France

Dominic Thyagarajan / Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, Australia

J.-M. Tiercy / University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland

Ronald J. A. Trent / Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia

Heiner Trobisch / Institute for Transfusion Medicine, Duisburg, Germany

Apollonia Tullo / Istituto di Tecnologie Biomediche Sezione di Bari CNR, Bari, Italy

Sumalee Tungpradabkul / Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Richard M. Twyman / University of York, York, U.K.

Jouni Uitto / Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Thomas R. Unnasch / University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.A.

Meena Upadhyaya / University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, U.K.

P. Valent / Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Joannis E. Vamvakopoulos / Biomedicum Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Anne-Mieke Vandamme / Rega Institute for Medical Research and University Hospitals, Leuven, Belgium

Dirk van den Boom / SEQUENOM Inc., San Diego, California, U.S.A.

Adriaan J. C. van den Brule / PAMM Institute, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Paul van den IJssel / Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Kristel Van Laethem / Rega Institute for Medical Research and University Hospitals, Leuven, Belgium

Milen Velinov / New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island,

New York, U.S.A. Simona Venturoli / University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Wenonah A. Vercoutere / NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, U.S.A.

Jo-Anne Vergilio / Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Yury Verlinsky / Reproductive Genetics Institute, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Fabrizio Vianello / University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Pia Vihinen / Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland

Matti K. Viljanen / National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland

Tamas Vincze / New England Biolabs, Inc., Beverly, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Ernst Wagner / Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany

Gehua Wang / Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Haruo Watanabe / National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan Chand Wattal / Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India

Erin L. Weber / Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine,

Los Angeles, California, U.S.A. Elaine M. Weidenhammer / Nanogen, Inc., San Diego, California, U.S.A. Marjan Marije Weiss / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Nele Wellinghausen / University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany

Qiyi Wen / University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Gunar Westman / TATAA Biocenter AB, Göteborg, Sweden

Philip Lewis White / University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, U.K.

Neil V. Whittock / Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, U.K.

Shane R. Wilkinson / London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, U.K. Diana L. Williams / National Hansen's Disease Programs, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.A. Heiko Witt / Charite, Berlin, Germany Hans Wolf / Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Lee-Jun C. Wong / Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. Fann Wu / Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, U.S.A. Josephine Wu / Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, U.S.A. Fei Ye / Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Bauke Ylstra / VU University Medical Center and Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Bing Yu / Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia Marialuisa Zerbini / University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy Stefan Zeuzem / Saarland University Hospital, Homburg/Saar, Germany George G. Zhanel / University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada David Y. Zhang / Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, U.S.A. Wandi Zhang / Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Nanbert Zhong / New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island,

New York, U.S.A. Ari Zimran / Shaare Zedek Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel Rudolf Franz Zirwes / Evotec Technologies GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany Roberto T. Zori / University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, U.S.A.

Neven Zoric / TATAA Biocenter AB, Lundberg Laboratory and TATAA Biocenter AB, Goteborg, Sweden Isabel Zudaire / University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Christian Michel Zwaan / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Contents

Preface xxix

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Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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