20. Britten, D.; Wilson, S.M.; McNerney, R.; Moody, A.H.; Chiodini, P.L.; Ackers, J.P. An improved colorimetric PCR-based method for detection and differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar in feces. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1997, 35 (5), 1108-1111.

21. Romero, J.L.; Descoteaux, S.; Reed, S.; Orozco, E.; Santos, J.; Samuelson, J. Use of polymerase chain reaction and nonradioactive DNA probes to diagnose Entamoeba histolytica in clinical samples. Arch. Med. Res. 1992, 23 (2), 277-279.

22. Haque, R.; Kress, K.; Wood, S.; Jackson, T.F.; Lyerly, D.; Wilkins, T.; Petri, W.A., Jr. Diagnosis of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica infection using a stool ELISA based on monoclonal antibodies to the galactose-specific adhe-sin. J. Infect. Dis. 1993, 167 (1), 247 -249.

23. Haque, R.; Neville, L.M.; Hahn, P.; Petri, W.A., Jr. Rapid diagnosis of entamoeba infection by using Entamoeba and Entamoeba histolytica stool antigen detection kits. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1995, 33 (10), 2558-2561.

24. Gonzalez-Ruiz, A.; Haque, R.; Rehman, T.; Aguirre, A.; Jaramillo, C.; Castanon, G.; Hall, A.; Guhl, F.; Ruiz-Palacios, G.; Warhurst, D.C.; Miles, M.A. A monoclonal antibody for distinction of invasive and noninvasive clinical isolates of Entamoeba histolytica. J. Clin. Micro-biol. 1992, 30 (11), 2807-2813.

25. Tachibana, H.; Kobayashi, S.; Kaneda, Y.; Takeuchi, T.; Fujiwara, T. Preparation of a monoclonal antibody specific for Entamoeba dispar and its ability to distinguish E. Dispar from E. Histolytica. Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. 1997, 4 (4), 409 -414.

26. Blessmann, J.; Buss, H.; Nu, P.A.; Dinh, B.T.; Ngo, Q.T.; Van, A.L.; Alla, M.D.; Jackson, T.F.; Ravdin, J.I.; Tannich, E. Real-time PCR for detection and differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar in fecal samples. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2002, 40 (12), 4413-4417.

27. Mirelman, D.; Bracha, R.; Rozenblatt, S.; Garfinkel, L.I.; Diamond, L.S.; Ackers, J.P.; Burchard, G.D. Repetitive DNA elements characteristic of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica strains can also be detected after polymerase chain reaction in a cloned nonpathogenic strain. Infect. Immun. 1990, 58 (6), 1660-1663.

28. Nunez, Y.O.; Fernandez, M.A.; Torres-Nunez, D.; Silva, J.A.; Montano, I.; Maestre, J.L.; Fonte, L. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction amplification and differentia-

tion of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar DNA from stool samples. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2001, 64 (5-6), 293-297.

29. Troll, H.; Marti, H.; Weiss, N. Simple differential detection of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar in fresh stool specimens by sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin concentration and PCR. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1997, 35 (7), 1701-1705.

30. Verweij, J.J.; Blotkamp, J.; Brienen, E.A.; Aguirre, A.; Polderman, A.M. Differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar cysts using polymerase chain reaction on DNA isolated from faeces with spin columns. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 2000,19 (5), 358-361.

31. Verweij, J.J.; vanLieshout, L.; Blotkamp, C.; Brienen, E.A.; van Duivenvoorden, S.; van Esbroeck, M.; Polderman, A.M. Differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Ent-amoeba dispar using PCR-SHELA and comparison of antibody response. Arch. Med. Res. 2000, 31 (4 Suppl), S44-46.

32. Gonin, P.; Trudel, L. Detection and differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar isolates in clinical samples by PCR and enzyme-linked immunosor-bent assay. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2003, 41 (1), 237-241.

33. Haque, R.; Ali, I.K.M.; Akther, S.; Petri, W.A., Jr. Comparison of PCR, isoenzyme analysis, and antigen detection for diagnosis of Entamoeba histolytica infection. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1998, 36 (2), 449-452.

34. Ramos, F.; Zurabian, R.; Moran, P.; Ramiro, M.; Gomez, A.; Clark, C.G.; Melendro, E.I.; Garcia, G.; Ximenez, C. The effect of formalin fixation on the polymerase chain reaction characterization of Entamoeba histolytica. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1999, 93 (3), 335-336.

35. Rivera, W.L.; Tachibana, H.; Kanbara, H. Field study on the distribution of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar in the Northern Philippines as detected by the polymerase chain reaction. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1998, 59 (6), 916-921.

36. Sanchez-GuillenMdel, C.; Perez-Fuentes, R.; Salgado-Rosas, H.; Ruiz-Arguelles, A.; Ackers, J.; Shire, A.; Talamas-Rohana, P. Differentiation of Entamoeba histo-lytica/Entamoeba dispar by PCR and their correlation with humoral and cellular immunity in individuals with clinical variants of amoebiasis. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2002, 66 (6), 731-737.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment