How Is Novelty Assessed by the Patent Authorities

An invention is novel when its subject matter, as defined in the claims, was not disclosed prior to the first filing date of the invention. The claims are a listing of features defining the invention in certain categories and normally in generalized terms, which have to be supported by the description or specification. Patent categories include devices, substances, processes, methods of use, to name the most important ones. For example, if a publicly available reference discloses each and every feature of an invention, i.e., a claim, then the invention is not novel. The reference can be a publication in oral, written, and electronic (or any other) form.

However, if more than one reference is necessary to identify each and every feature of a claim, then the subject matter of the claim is novel.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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