In Vitro Diagnostic Applications

The generic PNA-FISH assay procedure allows PNA-FISH to be applied for various blood pathogens without procedural changes, such that separate tests can be performed in parallel. Using the results from Gram staining, appropriate PNA-FISH tests can be selected to identify or rule out relevant pathogens (Fig. 2).

C. albicans

C. albicans

Other enterococci

Fig. 2 Application of PNA-FISH tests for direct identification of positive blood culture bottles. The result of the Gram stain provides a basis for the selection of appropriate PNA-FISH test. GPCC: S. aureus PNA-FISH is used to identify S. aureus. Negative test results are indicative of coagulase-negative staphylococci. GPCPC: Enterococcus faecalis PNA-FISH is used to distinguish E. faecalis from other enterococci. Negative test results (not shown) are indicative of streptococci. Yeast: C. albicans PNA-FISH is used to identify C. albicans. Negative test results are indicative of non-C. albicans species. (View this art in color at www.dekker.com.)

Other enterococci

Fig. 2 Application of PNA-FISH tests for direct identification of positive blood culture bottles. The result of the Gram stain provides a basis for the selection of appropriate PNA-FISH test. GPCC: S. aureus PNA-FISH is used to identify S. aureus. Negative test results are indicative of coagulase-negative staphylococci. GPCPC: Enterococcus faecalis PNA-FISH is used to distinguish E. faecalis from other enterococci. Negative test results (not shown) are indicative of streptococci. Yeast: C. albicans PNA-FISH is used to identify C. albicans. Negative test results are indicative of non-C. albicans species. (View this art in color at www.dekker.com.)

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment