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ISO 17025:1999 A generic standard used in the accreditation of any type of testing laboratories or

Professional standards (CPA-UK, CAP, etc:)

ISO 15189: 2002 Medical laboratories—Particular Requirements for Quality and Technical Competence

Fig. 1 Accreditation of medical laboratories: old and new standards.

ISO 15189:2003

Medical laboratories—Particular requirements for quality and competence

ISO 15189:2003

Medical laboratories—Particular requirements for quality and competence

ISO/IEC 17025-1999 General requirements for quality and competence of testing laboratories

ISO 9001:2000

Quality management systems

Requirements

ISO 9001:2000

Quality management systems

Requirements

Fig. 2 Relationship between ISO 15189:2003, 180/IEC 17025:1999, and ISO 9001:2000. (View this art in color at www.dekker.com.)

choice between pursuing certification and/or accreditation. It states that testing and calibration laboratories that comply with ISO 17025:1999 will also operate in accordance with ISO 9001:2000, but goes on to remind the reader that certification against ISO 9001:2000 does not demonstrate the competence of the laboratory to produce technically valid data and results. The scope of this International Standard includes a number of key issues. In particular, it

1) specifies the general requirements for the competence to carry out tests and/or calibrations, including samples;

2) covers standard, nonstandard, and laboratory-developed methods;

3) is applicable to all testing and calibration laboratories regardless of the number of personnel or extent of the scope of its activities;

4) is for use by laboratories developing their quality, management, and technical systems that govern and improve their operations;

5) is for use by laboratory users, regulatory authorities, and accreditation bodies who wish to recognize the competence of an individual laboratory;

6) does not cover compliance with regulatory and safety requirements for the laboratory activities.

Limitations of ISO 17025:1999 are intrinsically related to the differences between testing/calibration and medical laboratories. Therefore aspects regarding preanalytical phase, which is extremely important for the interpretation and outcome of medical laboratory data, are practically not addressed at all in that document. With regard to the analytical phase, there is no mention in ISO 17025:1999 about requirements for internal quality control and external quality assessment, whereas in the postanalytical phase requirements for turnaround times, as well as for STAT and critical results, are not addressed.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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