Japanese encephalitis (JE), St. Louis encephalitis (SLE), and Tick-Born encephalitis (TBE) are important representatives in the group of Flavivirus diseases. The viruses of these diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks. Symptoms of diseases are very different; they could reach from mild over severe encephalitis to death.

The following geographical distributions are typical for each disease:

• Japanese encephalitis: Asia, Australia;

• St. Louis encephalitis: North, Central, and South America;

• Tick-Born encephalitis: Europe, Asia.

The typical diagnostic for these diseases includes virus detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or isolation and detection of antiviral antibodies. Treatment is in general symptomatic. For TBE specific immunoglobulin is available.

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Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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