References

1. Liehr, T.; Claussen, U. FISH on Chromosome Preparations 15. of Peripheral Blood. In FISH-Technology, SpringerLabmanual; Rautenstrauss, B., Liehr, T., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, 2002; 73-81.

2. Liehr, T.; Claussen, U. Multicolor-FISH approaches for the characterization of human chromosomes in clinical genetics and tumor cytogenetics. Curr. Genomics 2002, 3 (2), 16. 213-235.

3. Liehr, T.; Claussen, U. Current developments in human molecular cytogenetic techniques. Curr. Mol. Med. 2002, 2 (3), 283-297.

4. Liehr, T. Multicolor FISH (m-FISH) Literature. http://mti-n. 17. mti.uni-jena.de/~huwww/MOL_ZYTO/mFISHlit.htm.

5. Liehr, T.; Heller, A.; Starke, H.; Claussen, U. FISH banding methods: Applications in research and diagnostics. Expert Rev. Mol. Diagn. 2002, 2 (3), 217-225.

6. Muller, S.; Neusser, M.; Wienberg, J. Towards unlimited colors for fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). Chromosome Res. 2002, 10 (3), 223-232.

Müller, S.; Rocchi, M.; Ferguson-Smith, M.A.; Wienberg, J. Toward a multicolor chromosome bar code for the entire human karyotype by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Hum. Genet. 1997, 100 (2), 271-278. Kakazu, N.; Ashihara, E.; Hada, S.; Ueda, T.; Sasaki, H.; Terada, M.; See, T.A. Development of spectral colour banding in cytogenetic analysis. Lancet 2001, 357 (9255), 529-530.

Lichter, P.; Tang, C.J.; Call, K.; Hermanson, G.; Evans, G.A.; Housman, D.; Ward, D.C. High-resolution mapping of human chromosome 11 by in situ hybridization with cosmid clones. Science 1990, 247 (4938), 64-69. Lengauer, C.; Speicher, M.R.; Popp, S.; Jauch, A.; Taniwaki, M.; Nagaraja, R.; Riethman, H.C.; Donis-Keller, H.; D'Urso, M.; Schlessinger, D.; Cremer, T. Chromosomal bar codes produced by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization with multiple YAC clones and whole chromosome painting probes. Hum. Mol. Genet. 1993, 2 (5), 505-512.

Aurich-Costa, J.; Vannier, A.; Gregoire, E.; Nowak, F.; Cherif, D. IPM-FISH, a new M-FISH approach using IRS-PCR painting probes: Application to the analysis of seven human prostate cell lines. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2001, 30 (2), 143-160.

Chudoba, I.; Plesch, A.; Lorch, T.; Lemke, J.; Claussen, U.; Senger, G. High resolution multicolor-banding: A new technique for refined FISH analysis of human chromosomes. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 1999, 84 (3-4), 156-160.

Liehr, T.; Heller, A.; Starke, H.; Rubtsov, N.; Trifonov, V.; Mrasek, K.; Weise, A.; Kuechler, A.; Claussen, U. Microdissection based high resolution multicolor banding for all 24 human chromosomes. Int. J. Mol. Med. 2002, 9 (4), 335-339.

Liehr, T.; Weise, A.; Heller, A.; Starke, H.; Mrasek, K.; Kuechler, A.; Weier, H.U.; Claussen, U. Multicolor chromosome banding (MCB) with YAC/BAC-based probes and region-specific microdissection DNA libraries. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 2002, 97 (1-2), 43-50. Weise, A.; Starke, H.; Heller, A.; Tonnies, H.; Volleth, M.; Stumm, M.; Senger, G.; Nietzel, A.; Claussen, U.; Liehr, T. Chromosome 2 aberrations in clinical cases characterised by high resolution multicolour banding and region specific FISH probes. J. Med. Genet. 2002, 39 (6), 434439.

Weise, A.; Heller, A.; Starke, H.; Mrasek, K.; Kuechler, A.; Pool-Zobel, B.-L.; Claussen, U.; Liehr, T. Multitude multicolor chromosome banding (mMCB) — A comprehensive one-step multicolor FISH banding method. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 2003, 103 (1-2), 34-39. Starke, H.; Raida, M.; Trifonov, V.; Clement, J.H.; Loncarevic, I.F.; Heller, A.; Bleck, C.; Nietzel, A.; Rubtsov, N.; Claussen, U.; Liehr, T. Molecular cytogenetic characterization of an acquired minute supernumerary marker chromosome as the sole abnormality in a case clinically diagnosed as atypical Philadelphia-negative chronic myelogenous leukaemia. Br. J. Haematol. 2001, 113 (2), 435-438.

18. Stumm, M.; Musebeck, J.; Tönnies, H.; Volleth, M.; Lemke, J.; Chudoba, I.; Wieacker, P. Partial trisomy 9p12p21.3 with a normal phenotype. J. Med. Genet. 2002, 39 (2), 141-144.

19. Tonnies, H.; Stumm, M.; Wegner, R.-D.; Chudoba, I.; Kalscheur, V.; Neitzel, H. Comparative genomic hybridization based strategy for the analysis of different chromosome imbalances detected in conventional cytogenetic diagnostic. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 2001, 93 (3-4), 188-194.

20. Starke, H.; Senger, G.; Kossakiewicz, M.; Tittelbach, H.; Rau, D.; Rubtsov, N.; Trifonov, V.; Heller, A.; Hartmann, I.; Claussen, U.; Liehr, T. Maternal insertion of 18q11.2-q12.2 in 18p11.3 of the same chromosome analysed by microdissection and multicolour banding (MCB). Prenat. Diagn. 2001, 21 (12), 1049-1052.

21. Starke, H.; Seidel, J.; Henn, W.; Reichardt, S.; Volleth, M.; Stumm, M.; Behrend, C.; Sandig, K.R.; Kelbova, C.;

Senger, G.; Albrecht, B.; Hansmann, I.; Heller, A.; Claussen, U.; Liehr, T. Homologous sequences at human chromosome 9 bands p12 and q13-21.1 are involved in different patterns of pericentric rearrangements. Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 2002, 10 (12), 790-800.

22. Dufke, A.; Walczak, C.; Liehr, T.; Starke, H.; Trifonov, V.; Rubtsov, N.; Schoning, M.; Enders, H.; Eggermann, T. Partial tetrasomy 12pter-12p12.3 in a girl with Pallister-Killian syndrome: Extraordinary finding of an anaploid, inverted duplicated marker. Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 2001, 9 (8), 572-576.

23. Trappe, R.; Böhm, D.; Kohlhase, J.; Weise, A.; Liehr, T.; Essers, G.; Meins, M.; Zoll, B.; Bartels, I.; Burfeind, P. A novel family-specific translocation t(2;20)(p24.1;q13.1) associated with recurrent abortions: Molecular characterization and segregation analysis in male meiosis. Cytoge-net. Genome Res. 2002, 98 (1), 1-8.

FISH—Blood and Bone Marrow

María D. Odero Idoya Lahortiga Isabel Zudaire María J. Calasanz

University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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