References

1. Wiedman, M.; Czajka, J.; Barany, F.; Batt, C. Discrimination of Listeria monocytogenes from other Listeria species by ligase chain reaction. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1992, 58, 3443-3447.

2. Wiedman, M.; Barany, F.; Batt, C. Detection of Listeria monocytogenes with a nonisotopic polymerase chain reaction-coupled ligase chain reaction assay. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1993, 59, 2743 -2745.

3. Volokhov, D.; Rasooly, A.; Chumakov, K.; Chizhikov, V. Identification of Listeria species by microarray-based 17. assay. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2002, 40, 4270-4278.

4. Wang, C.; Hong, C. Quantitative PCR for Listeria monocytogenes with colorimetric detection. J. Food Prot.

5. Bassler, H.; Flood, S.; Livak, K.; Marmaro, J.; Knoor, R.; Batt, C. Use of a fluorogenic probe in a PCR-based assay for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes. Appl. 19. Environ. Microbiol. 1995, 61, 3724-3728.

6. Koo, K.; Jaykus, L. Detection of Listeria monocyto-

genes from a model food by fluorescence resonance 20. energy transfer-based PCR with an asymmetric fluoro-genic probe set. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2003, 69, 1082-1088. 21.

7. Hein, I.; Klein, D.; Lehner, A.; Bubert, A.; Brandl, E.; Wagner, M. Detection and quantification of the iap gene of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria innocua by a new 22. real-time quantitative PCR assay. Res. Microbiol. 2001,

8. Novga, H.; Rudi, K.; Naterstad, K.; Holck, A.; Lillehaug,

D. Application of 5'-nuclease PCR for quantitative 23. detection of Listeria monocytogenes in pure culture, water, skim milk, and unpasteurized whole milk. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2000, 66, 4266-4271.

9. Hough, A.; Harbison, S.-A.; Savill, M.; Melton, L.; 24. Fletcher, G. Rapid enumeration of Listeria monocytogenes in artificially contaminated cabbage using real-time polymerase chain reaction. J. Food Prot. 2002, 65, 1329-1332.

10. Bhagwat, A. Simultaneous detection of Escherichia coli 25. O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella strains by real-time PCR. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 2003, 84, 217224.

11. Vaneechoutte, M.; Boerlin, P.; Tichy, H.-V.; Bannerman, 26.

E.; Jager, B.; Bille, J. Comparison of PCR-based DNA fingerprinting techniques for the identification of Listeria species and their use for atypical Listeria isolates. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1998, 48, 127-139.

12. Widjojoamodjo, M.; Fluit, A.; Verhoef, J. Rapid identifi- 27. cation of bacteria by PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1994, 32, 3002-3007.

13. Manzano, M.; Cocolin, L.; Cantoni, C.; Comi, G. Temperature gradient gel electrophoresis of the amplified product of a small 16S rRNA gene fragment for the 28. identification of Listeria species isolated from food. J.

14. Cocolin, L.; Rantsiou, K.; Iacumin, L.; Cantoni, C.; Comi, G. Direct identification in food sample of Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes by molecular methods. Appl. 29. Environ. Microbiol. 2002, 68, 6273-6282.

15. Farber, J.; Addison, C. RAPD typing for distinguishing species and strains in the genus Listeria. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 1994, 77, 242-250.

16. Jensen, M.; Webster, J.; Straus, N. Rapid identification of bacteria on the basis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified ribosomal DNA spacer polymorphisms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1993, 59, 945-952. Jersek, B.; Tcherneva, E.; Rijpens, N.; Herman, L. Repetitive element sequence-based PCR for species and strain discrimination in the genus Listeria. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 1996, 23, 55-60.

Mazurier, S.; Wernars, K. Typing of Listeria strains by random amplification of polymorphic DNA. Res. Micro-biol. 1992, 143, 499-505.

Klein, P.; Juneja, V. Sensitive detection of viable Listeria monocytogenes by reverse transcription-PCR. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1997, 63, 4441-4448. Norton, D.; Batt, C. Detection of viable Listeria mono-cytogenes with a 5' nuclease PCR assay. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1999, 65, 2122-2127.

Cook, N. The use of NASBA for the detection of microbial pathogens in food and environmental samples. J. Micro-biol. Methods 2003, 53, 165-174.

Howard, P.; Harsono, K.; Luchansky, J. Differentiation of Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria innocua, Listeria ivano-vii, and Listeria seeligeri by pulsed-field gel electropho-resis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1992, 58, 709-712. Loessner, M.; Rudolf, M.; Scherer, S. Evaluation of luciferase reporter bacteriophage A511 luxAB for detection of Listeria monocytogenes in contaminated foods. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1997, 63, 2961-2965. Bille, J.; Rocourt, J.; Swaminathan, B. Listeria, Erysipelo-thrix, and Kurthia. In Manual of Clinical Microbiology; Murray, P., Baron, E., Pfaller, M., Tenover, F., Yolke, R., Eds.; American Society for Microbiology: Washington, DC, 1999; 346-356.

Gilot, P.; Andre, P. Characterization of five esterases from Listeria monocytogenes and use of their electrophoretic polymorphism for strain typing. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1995, 61, 1661-1665.

De Cesare, A.; Bruce, J.; Dambauugh, T.; Guerzoni, M.; Wiedmann, M. Automated ribotyping using different enzymes to improve discrimination of Listeria monocyto-genes isolates, with a particular focus on serotype 4b strains. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2001, 39, 3002-3005. Aarts, H.; Hakemulder, L.; Van Hoef, A. Genomic typing of Listeria monocytogenes strains by automated laser fluorescence analysis of amplified fragment length polymorphism fingerprint patterns. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 1999, 49, 95-102.

Franciosa, G.; Tartaros, S.; Wedell-Neergaard, C.; Aureli, P. Characterization of Listeria monocytogenes strains involved in invasive and noninvasive listeriosis outbreaks by PCR-based fingerprinting techniques. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2001, 67, 1793-1799.

Malak, M.; Vivier, A.; Andre, P.; Decallonne, J.; Gilot, P. RAPD analysis, serotyping and esterase typing indicate that the population of Listeria monocytogenes strains recovered from cheese and from patients with listeriosis in Belgium are different. Can. J. Microbiol. 2001, 47, 883887.

30. Gilot, P.; Jossin, Y.; Content, J. Cloning, sequencing and characterisation of a Listeria monocytogenes gene encoding a fibronectin-binding protein. J. Med. Microbiol. 2000, 49, 887-896.

31. Vines, A.; Reeves, M.; Hunter, S.; Swaminathan, B. Restriction fragment length polymorphism in four virulence-associated genes of Listeria monocytogenes. Res. Microbiol. 1992, 143, 281-294.

32. Cai, S.; Kabuki, D.; Kuaye, A.; Cargioli, T.; Chung, M.; Nielsen, R.; Wiedmann, M. Rational design of DNA sequence-based strategies for subtyping Listeria mono-cytogenes. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2002, 40, 3319-3325.

33. Salcedo, C.; Arreaza, L.; Alcala, B.; de la Fuente, L.; Vazquez, J. Development of a multilocus sequence typing method for analysis of Listeria monocytogenes clones. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2003, 41, 757-762.

34. Unnerstad, H.; Ericsson, H.; Alderborn, A.; Tham, W.; Danielsson-Tham, M.-L.; Mattsson, J. Pyrosequencing as a method for grouping Listeria monocytogenes strains on the basis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the inlB gene. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2001, 67, 53395342.

35. Call, D.; Borucki, M.; Besser, T. Mixed-genome micro-arrays reveal multiple serotype and lineage-specific differences among strains of Listeria monocytogenes. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2003, 41, 632-639.

36. Rudi, K.; Katla, T.; Naterstad, K. Multi locus fingerprinting of Listeria monocytogenes by sequence-specific labeling of DNA probes combined with array hybridization. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 2003, 220, 9-14.

37. Mereghetti, L.; Lanotte, P.; Savoye-Marczuk, V.; Marquet-Van Der Mee, N.; Audurier, A.; Quentin, R. Combined ribotyping and random multiprimer DNA analysis to probe the population structure of Listeria monocytogenes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2002, 68, 2849-2857.

38. Jinneman, K.; Hill, W. Listeria monocytogenes lineage group classification by MAMA-PCR of the listeriolysin gene. Curr. Microbiol. 2001, 43, 129-133.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment