References

1. Steinman, B.; Royce, P.; Superti-Furga, A. The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. In Connective Tissue and Its Heritable Disorders, 2nd Ed.; Royce, P., Steinmann, B., Eds.; Wiley-Liss: New York, 2002; 431-523.

2. Beighton, P.; De Paepe, A.; Steinmann, B.; Tsipouras, P.; Wenstrup, R.J. Ehlers-Danlos syndromes: Revised nosology, Villefranche, 1997. Ehlers-Danlos National Foundation (USA) and Ehlers-Danlos Support Group (UK). Am. J. Med. Genet. 1998, 77 (1), 31-37.

3. Beighton, P.; Solomon, L.; Soskolne, C.L. Articular mobility in an African population. Ann. Rheum. Dis. 1973, 32 (5), 413-418.

4. Birk, D.E. Type V collagen: Heterotypic type I/V collagen interactions in the regulation of fibril assembly. Micron 2001, 32 (3), 223-237.

5. Nuytinck, L.; Freund, M.; Lagae, L.; Pierard, G.E.; Hermanns-Le, T.; De Paepe, A. Classical Ehlers-Danlos syndrome caused by a mutation in type I collagen. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2000, 66 (4), 1398-1402.

6. Schwarze, U.; Atkinson, M.; Hoffman, G.G.; Greenspan, D.S.; Byers, P.H. Null alleles of the COL5A1 gene of type V collagen are a cause of the classical forms of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (types I and II). Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2000, 66 (6), 1757-1765.

7. Wenstrup, R.J.; Florer, J.B.; Willing, M.C.; Giunta, C.; Steinmann, B.; Young, F.; Susic, M.; Cole, W.G. COL5A1 haploinsufficiency is a common molecular mechanism underlying the classical form of EDS. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2000, 66 (6), 1766-1776.

8. De Paepe, A.; Nuytinck, L.; Hausser, I.; Anton-Lamprecht, I.; Naeyaert, J.M. Mutations in the COL5A1 gene are causal in the Ehlers-Danlos syndromes I and II. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 1997, 60 (3), 547-554.

9. Giunta, C.; Steinmann, B. Compound heterozygosity for a disease-causing G1489E [correction of G1489D] and disease-modifying G530S substitution in COL5A1 of a patient with the classical type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: An explanation of intrafamilial variability? Am. J. Med. Genet. 2000, 90 (1), 72-79.

Giunta, C.; Nuytinck, L.; Raghunath, M.; Hausser, I.; De Paepe, A.; Steinmann, B. Homozygous Gly530Ser substitution in COL5A1 causes mild classical Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Am. J. Med. Genet. 2002, 109 (4), 284-290. Schalkwijk, J.; Zweers, M.C.; Steijlen, P.M.; Dean, W.B.; Taylor, G.; van Vlijmen, I.M.; van Haren, B.; Miller, W.L.; Bristow, J. A recessive form of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome caused by tenascin-X deficiency. N. Engl. J. Med. 2001, 345 (16), 1167-1175. Pepin, M.; Schwarze, U.; Superti-Furga, A.; Byers, P.H. Clinical and genetic features of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV, the vascular type. N. Engl. J. Med. 2000, 342 (10), 673-680.

De Paepe, A. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV. Clinical and molecular aspects and guidelines for diagnosis and management. Dermatology 1994, 189 (Suppl. 2), 2125.

Schwarze, U.; Schievink, W.I.; Petty, E.; Jaff, M.R.; Babovic-Vuksanovic, D.; Cherry, K.J.; Pepin, M.; Byers, P.H. Haploinsufficiency for one COL3A1 allele of type III procollagen results in a phenotype similar to the vascular form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2001, 69 (5), 9891001.

15. Steinmann, B.; Eyre, D.R.; Shao, P. Urinary pyridinoline

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Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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