References

1. Neldner, K.H. Pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Clin. Dermatol. 1988, 6, 1-159.

2. Ringpfeil, F.; Lebwohl, M.G.; Christiano, A.M.; Uitto, J. Pseudoxanthoma elasticum: Mutations in the MRP6 gene encoding a transmembrane ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2000, 97, 6001-6006.

3. Le Saux, O.; Urban, Z.; Tschuch, C.; Csiszar, K.; Bacchelli, B.; Quaglino, D.; Pasquali-Ronchetti, I.; Pope, F.M.; Richards, A.; Terry, S.; Bercovitch, L.; de Paepe, A.; Boyd, C.D. Mutations in a gene encoding an ABC transporter cause pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Nat. Genet. 2000, 25, 223-227.

4. Bergen, A.A.; Plomp, A.S.; Schuurman, E.J.; Terry, S.; Breuning, M.; Dauwerse, H.; Swart, J.; Kool, M.; van Soest, S.; Baas, F.; ten Brink, J.B.; de Jong, P.T. Mutations in ABCC6 cause pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Nat. Genet. 2000, 25, 228-231.

5. Ringpfeil, F.; McGuigan, K.; Kozic, H.; Uitto, J. Pseudodominance in pseudoxanthoma elasticum—A common phenomenon: Implications for genetic counseling. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2003, 73, 291.

6. McKusick, V.A. The classification of heritable disorders of connective tissue. Birth Defects Orig. Artic. Ser. 1975, 11, 1-9.

7. Struk, B.; Cai, L.; Zach, S.; Ji, W.; Chung, J.; Lumsden, A.; Stumm, M.; Huber, M.; Schaen, L.; Kim, C.A.; Goldsmith, L.A.; Viljoen, D.; Figuera, L.E.; Fuchs, W.; Munier, F.; Ramesar, R.; Hohl, D.; Richards, R.; Neldner, K.H.;

Lindpaintner, K. Mutations of the gene encoding the transmembrane transporter protein ABC-C6 cause pseudoxanthoma elasticum. J. Mol. Med. 2000, 78, 282-286.

8. Ringpfeil, F.; Nakano, A.; Uitto, J.; Pulkkinen, L. Compound heterozygosity for a recurrent 16.5-kb Alumediated deletion mutation and single-base-pair substitutions in the ABCC6 gene results in pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2001, 68, 642-652.

9. Le Saux, O.; Beck, K.; Sachsinger, C.; Silvestri, C.; Treiber, C.; Goring, H.H.; Johnson, E.W.; De Paepe, A.; Pope, F.M.; Pasquali-Ronchetti, I.; Bercovitch, L.; Marais, A.S.; Viljoen, D.L.; Terry, S.F.; Boyd, C.D. A spectrum of ABCC6 mutations is responsible for pseudoxanthoma elasticum. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2001, 69, 749-764.

10. Belinsky, M.G.; Kruh, G.D. MOAT-E (ARA) is a full-length MRP/cMOAT subfamily transporter expressed in kidney and liver. Br. J. Cancer 1999, 80, 1342-1349.

11. Kool, M.; van der Linden, M.; de Haas, M.; Baas, F.; Borst, P. Expression of human MRP6, a homologue of the multidrug resistance protein gene MRP1, in tissues and cancer cells. Cancer Res. 1999, 59, 175-182.

12. Scheffer, G.L.; Hu, X.; Pijnenborg, A.C.; Wijnholds, J.; Bergen, A.A.; Scheper, R.J. MRP6 (ABCC6) detection in normal human tissues and tumors. Lab. Invest. 2002, 82, 515-518.

13. Madon, J.; Hagenbuch, B.; Landmann, L.; Meier, P.J.; Stieger, B. Transport function and hepatocellular localization of mrp6 in rat liver. Mol. Pharmacol. 2000, 57, 634641.

14. Ilias, A.; Urban, Z.; Seidl, T.L.; Le Saux, O.; Sinko, E.; Boyd, C.D.; Sarkadi, B.; Varadi, A. Loss of ATP-dependent transport activity in pseudoxanthoma elasti-cum-associated mutants of human ABCC6 (MRP6). J. Biol. Chem. 2002, 277, 16860-16867.

15. Belinsky, M.G.; Chen, Z.S.; Shchaveleva, I.; Zeng, H.; Kruh, G.D. Characterization of the drug resistance and transport properties of multidrug resistance protein 6 (MRP6, ABCC6). Cancer Res. 2002, 62, 6172-6177.

16. Bacchelli, B.; Quaglino, D.; Gheduzzi, D.; Taparelli, F.; Boraldi, F.; Trolli, B.; Le Saux, O.; Boyd, C.D.; Ronchetti, I.P. Identification of heterozygote carriers in families with a recessive form of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE). Mod. Pathol. 1999, 12, 1112-1123.

17. Sherer, D.W.; Bercovitch, L.; Lebwohl, M. Pseudoxan-thoma elasticum: Significance of limited phenotypic expression in parents of affected offspring. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 2001, 44, 534-537.

18. Lebwohl, M.; Phelps, R.G.; Yannuzzi, L.; Chang, S.; Schwartz, I.; Fuchs, W. Diagnosis of pseudoxanthoma elasticum by scar biopsy in patients without characteristic skin lesions. N. Engl. J. Med. 1987, 317, 347-350.

19. Pulkkinen, L.; Nakano, A.; Ringpfeil, F.; Uitto, J. Identification of ABCC6 pseudogenes on human chromosome 16p: Implications for mutation detection in pseudox-anthoma elasticum. Hum. Genet. 2001, 109, 356-365.

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Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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