1. Fan, Y.S. Molecular Cytogenetics: Protocols and Appli- 15. cations; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2002.

2. Fan, Y.S.; Davis, L.M.; Shows, T.B. Mapping small DNA sequences by fluorescence in situ hybridization directly on banded metaphase chromosomes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 16. U. S. A. 1990, 87, 6223-6227.

Pinkel, D.; Landegent, C.; Collins, C.; Fuscoe, J.; Segraves, R.; Lucas, J.; Gray, J. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with human chromosome-specific libraries: Detection of trisomy 21 and translocations of chromosome 4. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 1988, 85, 91389142.

Schröck, E.; du Manoir, S.; Veldman, T.; Schoell, B.; Wienberg, J.; Ferguson-Smith, M.A.; Ning, Y.; Ledbetter, D.H.; Bar-Am, I.; Soenksen, D.; Garini, Y.; Ried, T. Multicolor spectral karyotyping of human chromosomes. Science 1996, 273, 494-497.

Fan, Y.S.; Siu, V.M.; Jung, J.H.; Xu, J. Sensitivity of multiple color spectral kartotyping in detecting small interchromosomal rearrangements. Genet. Testing 2000, 4, 9-14.

Speicher, M.R.; Ballard, S.G.; Ward, D.C. Karyotyping human chromosomes by combinatorial multi-fluor FISH. Nat. Genet. 1996, 12, 368-375.

Guan, X.Y.; Meltzer, P.; Dalton, W.; Trent, J. Identification of cryptic sites of DNA sequence amplification in human breast cancer by chromosome microdissection. Nat. Genet. 1994, 8, 155-160.

Kallioniemi, A.; Kallioniemi, O.P.; Suder, D.; Rutovitz, D.; Gray, J.; Waldman, F.; Pinkel, D. Comparative genomic hybridization for molecular cytogenetic analysis of solid tumors. Science 1992, 258, 818-821. Koch, J.; Kovarra, S.; Gregersen, N.; Petersen, K.B.; Bolund, L. Oligonucleotide-priming methods for the chromosome-specific labeling of alpha satellite DNA in situ. Chromosoma 1989, 98, 259-262. Heng, H.H.Q.; Squire, J.; Tsui, L.-C. High resolution mapping of mammalian genes by in situ hybridization to free chromatin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 1992, 89, 9509-9513.

Müller, S.; Rocchi, M.; Ferguson-Smith, M.A.; Wienberg, J. Toward a multicolor chromosome bar code for the entire human karyotype by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Hum. Genet. 1997, 100, 271-278. Chudoba, I.; Plesch, A.; Lorch, T.; Lemke, J.; Claussen, U.; Senger, G. High resolution multicolor-banding: A new technique for refined FISH analysis of human chromosomes. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 1999, 84, 156-160. Knight, S.J.L.; Horsley, S.W.; Regan, R.; Lawrie, N.M.; Maher, E.J.; Cardy, D.L.N.; Flint, J.; Kearney, L. Development and clinical application of an innovative fluorescence in situ hybridization technique which detects submicroscopic rearrangements involving telomeres. Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 1997, 5, 1-8.

Weber-Matthiesen, K.; Winkemann, M.; Muller-Hermelink, A.; Schlegelberger, B.; Grote, W. Simultaneous fluorescence immunophenotyping and interphase cytoge-netics: A contribution to the characterization of tumor cells. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 1992, 40, 171-175. Feldman, B.; Ebrahim, S.A.D.; Hazan, S.L.; Gyi, K.; Johnson, M.P.; Johnson, A.; Evans, M.I. Routine prenatal diagnosis of aneuploidy by FISH studies in high-risk pregnancies. Am. J. Med. Genet. 2000, 90, 233-238. Bischoff, F.Z.; Dang, D.X.; Lewis, D.E.; Simpson, J.L. Prenatal Diagnosis of Chromosome Abnormalities Using

Maternal Blood. In Molecular Cytogenetics: Protocols and Applications; Fan, Y.S., Ed.; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2002; 243-257.

17. Verlinsky, Y.; Cieslak, J.; Ivakhnenko, V.; Evsikov, S.; Wolf, G.; White, M.; Lifchez, A.; Kaplan, B.; Moise, J.; Valle, J.; Ginsberg, N.; Strom, C.; Kuliev, A. Preimplan-tation diagnosis of common aneuploidies by the first- and second-polar body FISH analysis. J. Assist. Reprod. Genet. 1998, 15, 285-289.

18. Kalousek, D.K. Pathogenesis of chromosomal mosaicism and its effect on early human development. Am. J. Med. Genet. 2000, 91, 39-45.

19. Schwartz, S.; Graf, M.D. Microdeletion Syndromes: Characteristics and Diagnosis. In Molecular Cytogenetics: Protocols and Applications; Fan, Y.S., Eds.; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2002; 275-290.

20. American Society of Human Genetics/American College of Medical Genetics Test and Technology Transfer Committee. Diagnostic testing for Prader-Willi and Angel-man syndromes: Report of the ASHG/ACMG Test and

Technology Transfer Committee. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 1996, 58, 1085-1088.

21. Fan, Y.S.; Yang, Z.; Speevak, M.; Farrell, S.; Jung, J.H.; Siu, V.M. Detection of subtelomeric aberrations in patients with unexplained mental retardation by FISH using multiple subtelomeric probes. Genet. Med. 2001, 3, 416-421.

22. Fan, Y.S.; Jung, J.; Hamilton, B. Small terminal deletion of 1p and duplication of 1q: Cytogenetics, FISH studies, and clinical observations at newborn and at age 16 years. Am. J. Med. Genet. 1999, 86, 118-123.

23. Fan, Y.S.; Rizkalla, K. Comprehensive cytogenetic analysis including multicolor spectral karyotyping and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization in lymphoma diagnosis: A summary of 154 cases. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 2003, 143, 73-79.

24. Ridolfi, R.L.; Jamehdor, M.R.; Arber, J.M. HER-2/neu testing in breast carcinoma: A combined immunohisto-chemical and fluorescence in situ hybridization approach. Mod. Pathol. 2000, 13, 866-873.

FISH—Banding Methods and Clinical Applications

Thomas Liehr

Institut für Humangenetik und Anthropologie der FSU Jena, Jena, Germany

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment