References

1. van Dieigen, G.; Trans, G.; Josing, J.; Hemker, H.H. The role of phospholipid and factor VIIIa in the activation of bovine factor X. J. Biol. Chem. 1981, 256, 3433.

2. Aggler, P.M.; White, S.G.; Glendening, M.; Page, E.W.; Leake, T.B.; Bates, G. Plasma thromboplastin component (PTC) deficiency: A new disease resembling haemophilia. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 1952, 79, 692-694.

3. Biggs, R.; Douglas, A.S.; MacFarlane, R.G.; Dacie, J.; Pitney, W.R.; Merskey, C.; O'Brien, J.R. Christmas disease: A condition previously mistaken for haemophilia. Br. J. Med. 1952, ii, 1378-1382.

4. Mannucci, P.M. Haemophilia: Treatment options in the 21st century. J. Thromb. Haemost. 2003, 1, 1349-1355.

5. Vandendriessche, D.; Collen, D.; Chuah, M.K.L. Gene therapy for the haemophilias. J. Thromb. Haemost. 2003, 1, 1550-1558.

6. Shikamoto, Y.; Morita, T.; Fujimoto, Z.; Mizuno, H. Crystal structure of Mg2+ and Ca2+-bound Gla domain of factor IX complexed with binding protein. J. Biol. Chem. 2003, 278, 24090.

7. Perera, L.; Darden, T.A.; Pedersen, L.G. Modeling human zymogen factor IX. Thromb. Haemost. 2001, 85, 596603.

8. Yoshitake, S.; Scach, B.G.; Foster, D.C.; Davie, E.W.; Kurachi, K. Nucleotide sequence of the gene for human factor IX. Biochemistry 1985, 24, 3736-3750.

9. Kurachi, K.; Kurachi, S. Regulatory mechanisms of the factor IX gene. Thromb. Haemost. 1994, 73 (3), 3 3 3 - 3 39.

10. Green, P.M.; Giannelli, F.; Sommer, S.S.; Poon, M.C.; Ludwig, M.; Schwaab, R.; Reitsma, P.H.; Goossens, M.; Yoshioka, A.; Figueiredo, M.S.; Brownlee, G.G. Haemophilia B Mutation Database, Version 12; 2003. http:// www.kcl.ac.uk/ip/petergreen/haemBdatabase.html.

11. Oldenburg, J.; Tuddenham, E. Genetic Basis of Inhibitor Development in Severe Haemophilia A and B. In Inhibitors in Patients with Haemophilia; Rodriguez-Merchan, E.C., Lee, C.E., Eds.; Blackwell Publishing: Oxford, UK, 2000; 21-26.

12. Briet, E.; Bertina, R.M.; van Tilberg, N.H.; Veltkamp, J.J. Hemophilia B Leyden: A sex linked hereditary disorder that improves after puberty. N. Engl. J. Med. 1982, 306, 788-790.

13. Morgan, G.E.; Rowley, G.; Green, P.M.; Chisholm, M.; Gianelli, F. Further evidence for the importance of an androgen responsive element in the factor IX promoter. Br. J. Haematol. 1997, 98, 79-85.

14. Ludlam, C.; Pasi, K.J.; Bolton-Maggs, P.; Collins, P.W.; Cumming, A.M.; Dolan, G.; Fryer, A.; Harrington, C.; Hill, F.G.H.; Peake, I.R.; Perry, D.J.; Skirton, H.; Smith, H. A Framework for Genetic Service Provision for Hemophilia. in press.

15. Goodeve, A. Draft Best Practice Guidelines for Molecular Analysis of Haemophilia B; Clinical Molecular Genetics Society, 2001. http://www.cmgs.org/BPG/Guidelines/ 2nd_ed/haemophilia_b.htm.

Factor X Deficiency

Fabrizio Vianello

University of Padua, Padova, Italy

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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