References

1. Brugada, J.; Brugada, R.; Antzelevitch, C.; Towbin, J.; Nademanee, K.; Brugada, P. Long-term follow-up of individuals with the electrocardiographic pattern of right bundle-branch block and ST-segment elevation in precordial leads V(1) to V(3). Circulation 2002, 105, 73-78.

2. Priori, S.G.; Napolitano, C.; Gasparini, M.; Pappone, C.; Della, B.P.; Brignole, M.; et al. Clinical and genetic heterogeneity of right bundle branch block and ST-segment elevation syndrome: A prospective evaluation of 52 families (In Process Citation). Circulation 2000, 102, 2509-2515.

3. Priori, S.G.; Napolitano, C.; Schwartz, P.J.; Bloise, R.; Crotti, L.; Ronchetti, E. The elusive link between LQT3 and Brugada syndrome: The role of flecainide challenge. Circulation 2000, 102, 945-947.

4. Antzelevitch, C.; Dumaine, R. Electrical Heterogeneity in the Heart: Physiological, Pharmacological and Clinical Implications. In Handbook of Physiology. The Heart; Page, E., Fozzard, H.A., Solaro, R.J., Eds.; Oxford University Press: New York, 2002.

5. Antzelevitch, C.; Yan, G.X. Cellular and ionic mechanisms responsible for the Brugada syndrome. J. Electrocardiol.

6. Yan, G.X.; Antzelevitch, C. Cellular basis for the Brugada syndrome and other mechanisms of arrhythmogenesis associated with ST segment elevation. Circulation 1999, 100, 1660-1666.

7. Antzelevitch, C. The Brugada syndrome: Ionic basis and arrhythmia mechanisms. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol.

8. Belhassen, B.; Viskin, S.; Fish, R.; Glick, A.; Setbon, I.; Eldar, M. Effects of electrophysiologic-guided therapy with class IA antiarrhythmic drugs on the long-term outcome of patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation with or without the Brugada syndrome (see comments). J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 1999, 10, 1301-1312.

9. Alings, M.; Dekker, L.; Sadee, A.; Wilde, A. Quinidine induced electrocardiographic normalization in two patients with Brugada syndrome. PACE 2001, 24, 14201422.

10. Brugada, R.; Brugada, J.; Antzelevitch, C.; Kirsch, G.E.; Potenza, D.; Towbin, J.A.; et al. Sodium channel blockers identify risk for sudden death in patients with ST-segment elevation and right bundle branch block but structurally normal hearts. Circulation 2000, 101, 510-515.

11. Di Diego, J.M.; Cordeiro, J.M.; Goodrow, R.J.; Fish, J.M.;

Zygmunt, A.C.; Perez, G.J.; et al. Ionic and cellular basis for the predominance of the Brugada syndrome phenotype in males. Circulation 2002, 106, 2004-2011.

12. Di Diego, J.M.; Sun, Z.Q.; Antzelevitch, C. /to and action potential notch are smaller in left vs. right canine ventricular epicardium. Am. J. Physiol. 1996, 271, H548-H561.

13. Chen, Q.; Kirsch, G.E.; Zhang, D.; Brugada, R.; Brugada, J.; Brugada, P.; et al. Genetic basis and molecular mechanisms for idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. Nature 1998, 392, 293-296.

14. Weiss, R.; Barmada, M.M.; Nguyen, T.; Seibel, J.S.; Cavlovich, D.; Kornblit, C.A.; et al. Clinical and molecular heterogeneity in the Brugada syndrome. A novel gene locus on chromosome 3. Circulation 2002, 105, 111.

15. Brugada, R.; Roberts, R. Brugada syndrome: Why are there multiple answers to a simple question? Circulation 2001, 104, 3017-3019.

16. Dumaine, R.; Towbin, J.A.; Brugada, P.; Vatta, M.; Nesterenko, V.V.; Nesterenko, D.V.; et al. Ionic mechanisms responsible for the electrocardiographic phenotype of the Brugada syndrome are temperature dependent. Circ. Res. 1999, 85, 803-809.

17. Porres, J.M.; Brugada, J.; Urbistondo, V.; Garcia, F.; Reviejo, K.; Marco, P. Fever unmasking the Brugada syndrome. PACE 2002, in press.

18. Saura, D.; Garcia-Alberola, A.; Carrillo, P.; Pascual, D.; Martinez-Sanchez, J.; Valdes, M. Brugada-like electrocar-diographic pattern induced by fever. PACE 2002, 25, 856-859.

19. Antzelevitch, C.; Brugada, R. Fever and the Brugada syndrome. Pacing Clin. Electrophysiol. 2002.

20. Priori, S.G.; Napolitano, C.; Glordano, U.; Collisani, G.; Memml, M. Brugada syndrome and sudden cardiac death in children. Lancet 2000, 355, 808-809.

21. Roden, D.M.; Lazzara, R.; Rosen, M.R.; Schwartz, P.J.;

Towbin, J.A.; Vincent, G.M.; et al. Multiple mechanisms in the long-QT syndrome: Current knowledge, gaps, and future directions. Circulation 1996, 94, 1996-2012.

22. Schott, J.J.; Alshinawi, C.; Kyndt, F.; Probst, V.; Hoorntje, T.M.; Hulsbeek, M.; et al. Cardiac conduction defects associate with mutations in SCN5A. Nat. Genet. 1999, 23, 20-21.

23. Vatta, M.; Dumaine, R.; Varghese, G.; Richard, T.A.; Shimizu, W.; Aihara, N.; et al. Genetic and biophysical basis of sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS), a disease allelic to Brugada syndrome. Hum. Mol. Genet. 2002, 11, 337-345.

24. Bezzina, C.; Veldkamp, M.W.; van Den Berg, M.P.; Postma, A.V.; Rook, M.B.; Viersma, J.W.; et al. A single Na( + ) channel mutation causing both long-QT and Brugada syndromes. Circ. Res. 1999, 85, 1206-1213.

25. Kyndt, F.; Probst, V.; Potet, F.; Demolombe, S.; Chevallier, J.C.; Baro, I.; et al. Novel SCN5A mutation leading either to isolated cardiac conduction defect or Brugada syndrome in a large French family. Circulation 2001, 104, 3081-3086.

26. Nademanee, K.; Veerakul, G.; Nimmannit, S.; Chaowakul, V.; Bhuripanyo, K.; Likittanasombat, K.; et al. Arrhyth-mogenic marker for the sudden unexplained death syndrome in Thai men. Circulation 1997, 96, 2595 -2600.

27. Kanda, M.; Shimizu, W.; Matsuo, K.; Nagaya, N.; Taguchi, A.; Suyama, K.; et al. Electrophysiologic characteristics and implications of induced ventricular fibrillation in symptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2002, 39, 1799-1805.

28. Eckardt, L.; Kirchhof, P.; Schulze-Bahr, E.; Rolf, S.; Ribbing, M.; Loh, P.; et al. Electrophysiologic investigation in Brugada syndrome. Yield of programmed ventricular stimulation at two ventricular sites with up to three premature beats. Eur. J. Heart 2002, 23, 1394.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment