References

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2. Priori, S.G.; Napolitano, C.; Gasparini, M.; Pappone, C.; Della, B.P.; Brignole, M.; et al. Clinical and genetic heterogeneity of right bundle branch block and ST-segment elevation syndrome: A prospective evaluation of 52 families (In Process Citation). Circulation 2000, 102, 2509-2515.

3. Priori, S.G.; Napolitano, C.; Schwartz, P.J.; Bloise, R.; Crotti, L.; Ronchetti, E. The elusive link between LQT3 and Brugada syndrome: The role of flecainide challenge. Circulation 2000, 102, 945-947.

4. Antzelevitch, C.; Dumaine, R. Electrical Heterogeneity in the Heart: Physiological, Pharmacological and Clinical Implications. In Handbook of Physiology. The Heart; Page, E., Fozzard, H.A., Solaro, R.J., Eds.; Oxford University Press: New York, 2002.

5. Antzelevitch, C.; Yan, G.X. Cellular and ionic mechanisms responsible for the Brugada syndrome. J. Electrocardiol.

6. Yan, G.X.; Antzelevitch, C. Cellular basis for the Brugada syndrome and other mechanisms of arrhythmogenesis associated with ST segment elevation. Circulation 1999, 100, 1660-1666.

7. Antzelevitch, C. The Brugada syndrome: Ionic basis and arrhythmia mechanisms. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol.

8. Belhassen, B.; Viskin, S.; Fish, R.; Glick, A.; Setbon, I.; Eldar, M. Effects of electrophysiologic-guided therapy with class IA antiarrhythmic drugs on the long-term outcome of patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation with or without the Brugada syndrome (see comments). J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 1999, 10, 1301-1312.

9. Alings, M.; Dekker, L.; Sadee, A.; Wilde, A. Quinidine induced electrocardiographic normalization in two patients with Brugada syndrome. PACE 2001, 24, 14201422.

10. Brugada, R.; Brugada, J.; Antzelevitch, C.; Kirsch, G.E.; Potenza, D.; Towbin, J.A.; et al. Sodium channel blockers identify risk for sudden death in patients with ST-segment elevation and right bundle branch block but structurally normal hearts. Circulation 2000, 101, 510-515.

11. Di Diego, J.M.; Cordeiro, J.M.; Goodrow, R.J.; Fish, J.M.;

Zygmunt, A.C.; Perez, G.J.; et al. Ionic and cellular basis for the predominance of the Brugada syndrome phenotype in males. Circulation 2002, 106, 2004-2011.

12. Di Diego, J.M.; Sun, Z.Q.; Antzelevitch, C. /to and action potential notch are smaller in left vs. right canine ventricular epicardium. Am. J. Physiol. 1996, 271, H548-H561.

13. Chen, Q.; Kirsch, G.E.; Zhang, D.; Brugada, R.; Brugada, J.; Brugada, P.; et al. Genetic basis and molecular mechanisms for idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. Nature 1998, 392, 293-296.

14. Weiss, R.; Barmada, M.M.; Nguyen, T.; Seibel, J.S.; Cavlovich, D.; Kornblit, C.A.; et al. Clinical and molecular heterogeneity in the Brugada syndrome. A novel gene locus on chromosome 3. Circulation 2002, 105, 111.

15. Brugada, R.; Roberts, R. Brugada syndrome: Why are there multiple answers to a simple question? Circulation 2001, 104, 3017-3019.

16. Dumaine, R.; Towbin, J.A.; Brugada, P.; Vatta, M.; Nesterenko, V.V.; Nesterenko, D.V.; et al. Ionic mechanisms responsible for the electrocardiographic phenotype of the Brugada syndrome are temperature dependent. Circ. Res. 1999, 85, 803-809.

17. Porres, J.M.; Brugada, J.; Urbistondo, V.; Garcia, F.; Reviejo, K.; Marco, P. Fever unmasking the Brugada syndrome. PACE 2002, in press.

18. Saura, D.; Garcia-Alberola, A.; Carrillo, P.; Pascual, D.; Martinez-Sanchez, J.; Valdes, M. Brugada-like electrocar-diographic pattern induced by fever. PACE 2002, 25, 856-859.

19. Antzelevitch, C.; Brugada, R. Fever and the Brugada syndrome. Pacing Clin. Electrophysiol. 2002.

20. Priori, S.G.; Napolitano, C.; Glordano, U.; Collisani, G.; Memml, M. Brugada syndrome and sudden cardiac death in children. Lancet 2000, 355, 808-809.

21. Roden, D.M.; Lazzara, R.; Rosen, M.R.; Schwartz, P.J.;

Towbin, J.A.; Vincent, G.M.; et al. Multiple mechanisms in the long-QT syndrome: Current knowledge, gaps, and future directions. Circulation 1996, 94, 1996-2012.

22. Schott, J.J.; Alshinawi, C.; Kyndt, F.; Probst, V.; Hoorntje, T.M.; Hulsbeek, M.; et al. Cardiac conduction defects associate with mutations in SCN5A. Nat. Genet. 1999, 23, 20-21.

23. Vatta, M.; Dumaine, R.; Varghese, G.; Richard, T.A.; Shimizu, W.; Aihara, N.; et al. Genetic and biophysical basis of sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS), a disease allelic to Brugada syndrome. Hum. Mol. Genet. 2002, 11, 337-345.

24. Bezzina, C.; Veldkamp, M.W.; van Den Berg, M.P.; Postma, A.V.; Rook, M.B.; Viersma, J.W.; et al. A single Na( + ) channel mutation causing both long-QT and Brugada syndromes. Circ. Res. 1999, 85, 1206-1213.

25. Kyndt, F.; Probst, V.; Potet, F.; Demolombe, S.; Chevallier, J.C.; Baro, I.; et al. Novel SCN5A mutation leading either to isolated cardiac conduction defect or Brugada syndrome in a large French family. Circulation 2001, 104, 3081-3086.

26. Nademanee, K.; Veerakul, G.; Nimmannit, S.; Chaowakul, V.; Bhuripanyo, K.; Likittanasombat, K.; et al. Arrhyth-mogenic marker for the sudden unexplained death syndrome in Thai men. Circulation 1997, 96, 2595 -2600.

27. Kanda, M.; Shimizu, W.; Matsuo, K.; Nagaya, N.; Taguchi, A.; Suyama, K.; et al. Electrophysiologic characteristics and implications of induced ventricular fibrillation in symptomatic patients with Brugada syndrome. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2002, 39, 1799-1805.

28. Eckardt, L.; Kirchhof, P.; Schulze-Bahr, E.; Rolf, S.; Ribbing, M.; Loh, P.; et al. Electrophysiologic investigation in Brugada syndrome. Yield of programmed ventricular stimulation at two ventricular sites with up to three premature beats. Eur. J. Heart 2002, 23, 1394.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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