Snp Genotyping

Single nucleotide polymorphisms provide powerful markers for genetic analysis. Their high-frequent abundance within genomes, especially their presence within coding regions of genes, discriminates them from markers used earlier (e.g., microsatellites). Single nucleotide polymorphisms are not merely markers but can also be the causative agent for diseases on a genetic level. In addition, the biallelic nature of SNPs makes them easier to analyze and the corresponding analytical procedures more amenable to automation, enabling large-scale whole-genome studies. These properties contributed to the unprecedented success of SNP markers in many genetic studies. For more details on the nature of SNPs and typing methods the reader is referred to the respective chapters in this encyclopedia.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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