Species Associated with Intraoral Diseases

Actinomyces spp. are early colonizers of various niches within the oral cavity. Species commensal in the mouth include A. israelii, A. gerencseriae, Actinomyces odonto-lyticus, Actinomyces meyeri, Actinomyces naeslundii/ viscosus, Actinomyces georgiae and, probably, Actinomy-ces graevenitzii. Some members of the genus, particularly those of the A. naeslundii/viscosus complex, are known to coaggregate with other bacteria and adhere to mammalian cells by means of fimbriae. Consequently, they play an important role in development of dental plaque. However, despite numerous studies, their roles in the highly complex processes of dental caries and periodontal diseases remain somewhat controversial. The recently described species Actinomyces radicidentis has been isolated, so far, only from infected root canals.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment