Mastering the OSCE
The culture media tested, namely the Henson and the Le Marrec-Croq modified coelomocyte media, respectively, referred to as HMCC and LMCC below, were used for the next experiments and constitute good starting points to define an appropriate coelomocyte culture medium for establishing continuous cell cultures.
The paradigm shift in surgical education is from time-based training (e.g., 5 years of surgical residency, and then graduate with a subjective agreement by experts of the surgeon's basic training) to the new objective, criterion-, or proficiency-based training. The earlier model of mentoring (supplemented by knowledge acquisition and testing lectures followed by written tests) resulted in a subjective assessment of performance, especially of technical procedural skills. The 1980s and 1990s saw the emergence of clinical problem-based learning, standardized patients for the Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE), and the Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) 6 and McGill Inanimate System for Training and Evaluation of Laparoscopic Skills (MISTELS) 7 . Along with the recent validation studies on virtual reality surgical simulators such as the Minimally Invasive Surgical Training - Virtual Reality (MIST-VR) 8 , a new benchmark in surgical training has been set...
The Virtual Reality Turing Test, Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE), Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS), McGill Inanimate System for Training and Evaluation of Laparoscopic Skills (MISTELS), and Minimally Invasive Surgical Training - Virtual Reality (MIST-VR) are examples of evaluation modalities based on these parameters.