As well as providing essential calories, starches from different crops play an important role in foods, such as improving processing, shelf life, consistency and appearance by providing texture and thickening capability for suspending solids. There are myriads of applications of starches in foods and these uses have been extended due to application work by food technologists using physical and chemical modifications (designated by E-numbers in the EU). These include oxidation (E1404, E1451), monostarch phosphorylation (E1410), distarch phosphorylation (E1412), acetylation (E1414, E1420, E1422), hydroxy-propylation (E1440, E1442), and octenylsuccination (E1450). In this section, we will focus on starch applications of various genetic modifications of the major crop plants and how these modifications impact the uses of these starches in foods. In particular we will emphasize modifications in amylose and amylopectin content and molecular weight, amy-lopectin chain length, starch granule size and morphology, crystal structure and phosphate content. We will conclude with a discussion of new opportunities for enhanced starches resulting from new genetic modifications of plants.
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Acai, Maqui And Many Other Popular Berries That Will Change Your Life And Health. Berries have been demonstrated to be some of the healthiest foods on the planet. Each month or so it seems fresh research is being brought out and new berries are being exposed and analyzed for their health giving attributes.