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A readable and factual book on heroin is Richard Ashley's Heroin: The Myths and the Facts (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1972). A newer book that suggests how society might reduce the destructiveness of heroin abuse by legalizing the drug for medical purposes and allowing doctors to take control of it is The Heroin Solution by Arnold S. Trebach (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982). Trebach is a law professor and expert on drugs, crime, and justice. His analysis of the heroin problem is reasoned, persuasive, and not sensational. Opium and the People by Virginia Ber-ridge and Griffith Edwards (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1987) is a superb history of opiate use and control in Britain. An excellent book that humanizes perceptions of heroin addicts during this century is Addicts Who Survived: An Oral History of Narcotic Use in America, 1923-1965 by David Court -wright, Herman Joseph, and Don Des Jarais (Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 1989). See also John Kaplan's The Hardest Drug: Heroin and Public Policy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983).

A number of creative writers have left us autobiographical records of their involvement with opium and opiates. One of the best is Opium: The Diary of a Cure by the French artist, writer, and filmmaker Jean Cocteau (translated by Margaret Crosland and Sinclair Road; New York: Grove Press, 1980). Another is /unky by William S. Burroughs (New York: Penguin, 1977), which was first published in 1953 under the pseudonym William Lec. Alcister Crowley's Diary of a Drug Fiend (New York: Samuel Weiser, 1970) is an autobiographical novel about two English aristocrats addicted to heroin and cocaine. Alexander Trocchi's novel Cain's Book (New York: Grove Press, 1960) is a vivid picture of the often nightmarish world of the heroin addict. One of the best-known novels about heroin addiction is Nelson Algren's 1949 book The Man with the Golden Arm (New York: Penguin, 1977); it was made into a popular movie starring Frank Sinatra. Eugene O'Neill's play Long Day's fourney into Night, also made into a movie, is a harrowing account of his mother's addiction to morphine. More recent movies dealing with opiates are McCabe and Mrs. Miller and Christine F, a West German film based on the real case of a teen-age prostitute and heroin addict.

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