Priori Theory Of Probability

See PROBABILITY THEORY/LAWS.

A PRIORISM, DOCTRINE OF. See UNCONSCIOUS INFERENCE, DOCTRINE OF.

APTE'S THEORY OF HUMOR AND LAUGHTER. In his humor theory, the Asian Indian anthropologist Mahadev L. Apte (1985) examines the influences of social structure, cultural expressions, and behavioral responses on humor. According to Apte, whereas laughter and smiling are the most overt and direct indicators of the covert humor experience, they differ from humor itself in being physiologically and anatomically observable events. In Apte's approach, laughter, besides being linked to humor, appears to express the primordial human emotion of sheer joy. In Apte's termin-inology, humor refers, first, to a cognitive, often unconscious, experience involving internal redefinition of "sociocultural reality" and results in a mirthful state of mind; second, to the external sociocultural factors that trigger the cognitive experience; and third, to the pleasure derived from the cognitive experience labeled "humor;" and fourth, to the external manifestation of the cognitive experience and the resultant pleasure. Apte's theory of humor/laughter explores - by cross-cultural comparisons - the interdependence of humor and sociocultural factors in societies around the world; it also attempts to provide generalizations concerning such cross-cultural studies, and to formulate theoretical propositions regarding the similar and dissimilar ways in which humor is linked to sociocultural variables. See also COMMUNICATION THEORY OF LAUGHTER; HUMOR, THEORIES OF.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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