Baldwins Timetheory Types At

the turn of the 20th century, the American philosopher/psychologist James Mark Baldwin (1861-1934) described the general types of theories of the apprehension, cognition, and awareness of time: intuitive and a priori theories - hold that in some form time (whether succession or duration) is a part of the person's "mental furniture" (a moment or temporal character is contributed by the mind to the structure of its experience as such); these theories are called "nativistic" and may be "nativism of product," "nativism of process" (or "genetic nativism"), or "nativism of temporal datum" (which is analogous to the "ex-tensity theory" of the cognition of space); and empirical theories - hold that time cognition is a gradual growth under the conditions of actual experiences of time (bits of time are perceived, cognized, or experienced simply as such or as a property of events); time is "built up" by abstraction and generalization as an independent mental object; in this approach, the mind get time out of its experience instead of contributing time to its experience (cf., Nichols, 1891). See also EMPIRICIST VERSUS NATIVIST THEORIES; TIME, THEORIES OF.

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