Connectionism Theory Of

ASSOCIATION, LAWS/PRINCIPLES OF; PARALLEL DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING MODEL; REINFORCEMENT, THORN-DIKE'S THEORY OF; SCALAR TIMING THEORY.

CONNECTIONIST MODEL OF HUMOR. The American cognitive scientist Bruce F. Katz (1993) proposes a neural connectionist model of humor that purports to have advantages over the traditional "incongruity-resolution" theory. The neural model consists of two "disjoint" concepts/entities that are stored in a neural network and whereby the concepts are connected to two "external triggers" that simulate the role of internal and external factors that activate the concepts. According to this model, the appropriate timing of the triggers may result in a high, but unstable, arousal condition in which two incongruous concepts are possible for a brief period of time. Such a "boost/arousal" state may occur both in cases where an incongruity is resolved or merely where the incongruities are simultaneously present. Theoretically, when the thresholds of the neural units are lowered, humor effects (especially in cases of tendentious humor - humor that advances a definite point of view or, in psychoanalytical terms, humor that involves the release of libidinal drives) are associated with greater activation levels than are available normally. See also COGNITIVE THEORIES OF HUMOR; FREUD'S THEORY OF WIT AND HUMOR; HUMOR, THEORIES OF; INCONGRUITY/INCONSISTENCY THEORIES OF HUMOR; INCONGRUITY-RESO

LUTION THEORIES.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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